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Intro to Anthro: Society, Culture and Language  Socio-cultural and linguistic anthropology Course Objectives  Teach students to think like anthropologists, thinking critically about other cultures as well as our own o Understanding a wide range of cultural phenomena o Anthropological concepts and theories o Apply concepts to class assignments  Two Writing Assignments o 5 pste essays in response to readings he provides o 1 : 2 articles on internet language and communication, impact with things like texting etc, respond and make the argument that these forms are having a negative impact on forms of social interactions etc  Midterm o Multiple choice  Tutorials o 10% of grade Conservation in Belize, Central America- Proff  Mezzo America  Socio-cultural anthropologist  Cultural group ‘Mayan’  Field work in Belize (eco tourist destination, scuba diving, was part of ancient Mayan civilization with ancient temples etc)  Impacts of parks and recreation and oil exploration on people and societies there  English is official language and not Spanish  Large population of black Creole due to slaves by European colonization  Not really managed my the government by small Mayan villages instead and work as rangers and apply for grants and funding for tourism programs etc What is social-cultural anthropology?  4 subfields o bio o archaeology o linguistics o cultural  this differs fro others due to its focus on human society and culture, contemporary (today)  analyze and describe similarities and differences  concerned with cultural adaptation  examples of how people have evolved physically  skin colour of human adaptation (darker skin in tropical or warmer areas to protect people from the sun) lighter skin for colder and lighter areas  examples of cultural adaptation  city building is one where it is a different way of organizing living spaces and in order to have cities you need to have economic organization  one of the primary goals of anthropology is to make the strange familiar and the familiar strange (being about learning of other societies, and also about thinking critically about what is familiar to us and own way of life)  anthropology developed historically as the study of other ‘non-European cultures (making strange familiar)  this has lead Europeans to question and think more about their own societies and cultures (making the familiar strange) Cultural Adaptation  Bio look at how humans evolve, cultural focus on how humans adapt culturally  All human shares certain biological features: sleep, eat, sexual activity. The way people do these things is what differs from society to society  Biology vs. cultural: not all humans have sex, but all sex has culture Clifford Geertz  All begin with the natural equipment to live a thousand kinds of life but in the end having lived only one  The fact that there are all these different cultures, our culture is what separates us and makes us unique as humans Human Adaptability  When we look at human population growth overtime  2.5 million years  and human populations are relatively stable and humans in all parts of the world were fairly similar practicing hunting and gathering etc  what happened approximately 10,000 years ago is the ability of humans to grow their own food, this lead to developing cities, science, increase birth rates and lower death rates What is Culture?
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