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ANTA 2.docx

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Multi-Scalar  Occurs on different scales or levels International Culture  Extends beyond and across borders  Universal human rights National Cultures  Characterized by core values  Example: Canada- collective well being- pubic healthcare  USA- individualism, freedom- private healthcare  National cultured are imagined communities (idea that members of a really large social group don’t interact with each other everyday still have a sense of community (being a part of the Toronto community and sharing what the rest of Canada has as well) Subcultures  Smaller groups which can find in countries  Gangs?  Group that are symbolized A brief overview of the history  European social anthropology and American cultural anthropology were separate then blended in 1950s: social- cultural anthropology  British social anthropology focused on the concept of society as the main idea and society is a concept refers to organized life and groups and how humans organize their lives to this  American cultural anthropology focused more on culture then society, and this concept of culture focused more on symbolism and the symbolic aspects of life; art, clothing  Two approaches often converged and complemented one another  Modern cultural anthropology developed in reaction to ethnology; taking information from other cultures and compares and contrasts the beliefs of different cultures  Early colonial ethnologists worked mostly with materials collected by others: arm chair anthropologists  Modern anthropology is characterized by the practice of ethnography Origins of Anthropological theory: Social Evolutionism  1870-1920: Enlightenment: evolutionism and ethnocentrism o science and rationality were huge  British ethnologist sir Edward Burnett Tylor o original finders of anthropology as a discipline o critical thinkers to make argument that culture and not biology is what made humans different o C ulture and c ulture: psychic unity of mankind  Argument that all humans had the ability and capacity to have culture  American ethnologist Lewis Henry Morgan o He argued that human develop through 3 stages:  Savagery  Barbarianism  Civilization o Stages defined by the level of technology  Ethnocentrism Hi
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