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Lecture 3

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LECTURE 3 May 23, 2013: A Brief History of Anthropology Chapter 3 and 12 DOING ANTHROPOLOGY: Field work and Applied Anthropology What is Ethnography? - Ethnography is the firsthand, - in-depth, personal study and representation (book, article, film) of a particular culture. - Both research method, and form of representation - Balancing Emic (insider) and Etic (outsider) perspectives. - Long-term (at least 12 months) - Importance of Language - Different from ethnology- the comparison of cross-cultural ethnographic data. Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology - How is cultural anthropology distinct from sociology? - Sociology  large- scale, industrial societies,  Quantitative (statistical) surveys and questionnaires good for testing variable and identify large scale trends - Anthropology  Small Scale, isolated, vulnerable or marginalized populations  Qualitative (descriptive) data gives detailed descriptive data of behaviour and beliefs Ethnography Today - Anthropology no longer focuses on "isolated" and "traditional" cultures - Includes, modern, urban globalized societies/ cultures. The Limits of Statistics and The Benefits of Ethnography - Philipe Bourgois- In search of respect, pg. 12-13. The Ethnographic Process 1) Defining the Project 2) Ethical Guidelines 3) Entering the field 4) Gathering Data 5) Writing Ethnography 1) Defining the project - From Salvage ethnography to problem oriented ethnography - Salvage ethnography  The study and recording of cultural diversity before it is destroyed  Accurate, objective, scientific account of all aspects of culture - Problem- Oriented ethnography  Specific problem to investigate, not whole culture  E.G. How does nature conservation and environmental education change indigenous Maya ideas of nature? 2) Ethical Guidelines - All research projects involving human subjects, prior to their initiation, must be reviewed and be deemed in compliance with the following principles: - Informed Consent: An agreement sought by ethnographers from community members to take part in the research. - Voluntary participation: anthropologists cannot drag anyone in the activity - Anonymity/Recognition: anthropologist has to protect the identity with people they have worked with. - To do no harm, or wrong Continuation from last lecture...Now: May 30th Lec 4!! 3) Entering the field 1) Gaining access: How anthropology gain access to particular sites - Gatekeepers goal in that process: they are refer to people or institutions which can play a role in granting and restricting access. - Formal and Informal - Going to community leader and explain about research and goals. Try to get into community to do the research. 2) Build Relationships - Building good working relationship is key technique to do field work. - Rapport and Trust - Good, friendly working relationship based on personal contact. - Try to give something back to the community rather than just getting answers for your research. 3) Gather Data - Identify Key Info
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