- World System Theory Single: single social system based on production for makret
exchange, profit maximization, and economic growth.
- Based on wealth and power differentials.
- Characterized by spread of industrial capitalist world economics since 15th century.
- Core, Semi-periphery and Periphery.
- Globalization refers to processes of increasing systematic connectedness.
- Global connectedness is not new itself. What is new is:
1) Spread of global communication.
2) Scale of Global networks.
3) Volume of international transactions.
- Globalization as fact: the spread in connectedness - production, communication,
- GLOBALIZATION as ideology and policy - efforts to expand the capitalist world system
based on free market principles.(IMF, WB, WTO etc)
- Often resisted through processes and practices of anti-globalization or localization. GLOBALIZATION:SCAPESANDFLOWS
- Arun Appadurai: characterizes present world as a “translocal”, “interactive system” that
is “strikingly new”.
- Postmodern: blurring and breakdown of established cannons, categories, distinctions,
- Appadurai’s five dimensions of global cultural flows:
- Anthropologist Karl Polanyi states that the history of the last 500 years can be
understood as a competition between two ideologies, the will to improve and the will to
- 1600: the verb ‘to improve’ first use to refer to increasing the rental and sale value of
agricultural land. - to generate profit.
- 1650: expanded to include technological change to increase productivity of land - new
framing techniques - linked to idea of scientific progress and advancement.
- 1700: Improvement as “intervention philosophy” seen as the purpose of government
and “the white man’s burden”. Justifies conquest and colonialism.
FEUDALISM,COMMONPROPERTYANDTHEOPENFIELDSYSTEM - The farmers would work in common lands and farm each strip of land, but the whole
land was not owned by any particular person or people.