How culture is learned?
The way world views and understanding of time and ritual
Rights of passage particular type of ritual
What is world view?
An econpassing picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions about how the
Multiple worldviews may coexist in a single culture, or a single world view may
Underneath of culture and all of our beliefes as well. Organization such as food, language
and ways to do things
Worldview is understanding reality what is real and what is not.
The effects of the world and the way you act
Ex. Banging in the attic and your worldview in your culture is ghost
Then you will think oh there is a ghost in my attic
Worldview will tell us what is real and what is not
Highlights social experiences
Within any culture
Thining about worldview: cause of death
how do we explain death in secular north American culture?
who can have a natural death in trobriand islands? Who cant? Anyone who dies
understood to die from sorcery unless if extremely old. Natural death doesn’t exist
1)specific way to look at death, they’re concern is why this person and why now?
Sorcery is more then why this person and why now?
They ask this question because they’re worldview is sorcery
How is sorcery done? Anyone could do it one you whenever, will do it on there own or
someone pays for it. for the spell like on there cigarettes, food and baselnuts .
materlingage is power and by weaking it is through sorcery
Believed that someone is recreation of ancestor’s spirate
And cutting out the chance of more ancestors to come back.
When someone dies everyone greaves
not crying enough
How do these ideas about death reflect and perpetuate their respective worldviews?
“it was your time”
natural causes 2
factors into account figuring out why someone dies
look at the cercantice such as healthy?, older?, sick?..
who do we consult when someone dies? – pray, which ever god you speak to, medical
language, culture and reality
“we are what we speak”
sapirwhorf hypothesis: there is a systematic relationship between the categories of
the language a person speaks and how that person understands the world and behaves
in other words, different language patterns yield different patterns of thought
you can tell a lot of the way they speak, gender, region of orgins, estimate the age, tell
the emotional state, mental state, may tell if they’re physical state: just work up,
running or drunk
can tell fi theyre educated with the way they speak
there is a systematic relation and the sturcutre of language
of being reality
suggest different patterns of thought
some places have no nouns and no pastens
life is a process
metaphors we live by (lakof and Johnson)
can the structure of language and the structure of culture really be directly correlated?
We use metaphors to use ideas form one domain of experience to make sense of other
kinds of expirences
Perhaps it is not the structures of language, but culturally significant metaphors that
shape and reflect worldview and culture
Sexual desire is like hungry
Greedy makes you like hungery
Too hungry is Immorality
How do we measure time? Clock, sundile, solor: daynight, calendar, life stages,
work, seasons, events
What “kinds” of time do we have? Leasure time, nap time, play time, transit