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Lecture 10


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Maggie Cummings

ANTA02-Lec01 Lecture #10 -March 23, 2010-03-23 Announcements: - In Search of Respect Assignment EXTENDED (due Monday, April 5, 2010) - Final Exam - April 20, 2010 *For the next assignment, use the Penguin Book to help you! Last Week Recap: Reminder: main argument presented on page 143 (ISOR) o They are victims beyond their control o But they are not just passive victims of this control o Therefore, embrace street culture to fight against their marginalization o This does not necessarily work for them: perpetuates the marginalization they experience and cause the suffering of their community (1) Gender and The Search For Respect The search for respect is also a search for a viable form of masculinity o For Nuyorican men living in El Barrio o Something that works for them personally, psychologically, self-esteem/ dignity, economic (make a livelihood in the way they want to) Argues that some (not all) of the men he talks to reach to what they feel is an inability to replicate rural based ideas about masculinity o They cannot represent the jibaro that their parents and ancestors represented o At least not in the urban setting Also try to represent a type of family structure working class patriarch who provides for many children and their wife(s) o Arent able to do this in the legal economy so they turn to the street economy to be this kind of man they envision o Unfortunately the drug culture is misogynist and predatory culture in which sexual conquest and crimes and paternal abandonment are fairly normal events in their lives o These things are celebrated and not seen as being criminal; badges of honour o Contradictory; they want to be universally good men but what they goes against the society When they cannot control things they lash out at the women and children because of their own perceived sense of vulnerability Page 158 - rejection of marginalization; terrors of vulnerability o Taking on street culture is about denying this vulnerability and of being trapped/ not being the man you want to be o Therefore embrace the street culture to deny this vulnerability they feel Also done by attacking those who are more vulnerable than them and who they have some sort of control over o In doing this, they are able to some extent enhance their viable sense of masculinity and their search for respect Ambivalent search for respect; perpetual cycle Street culture is a DENIAL OF VULNERABILITY (2) WOMEN AND THE SEARCH FOR RESPECT If the search for respect is about the search for masculinity, then what is a womans search for respect Gender is a relationship; if something happens on one side of the binary relationship, then something changes on the other half as well How does femininity tie in? How does his argument of structure and agency pertain to women and their lives? Might think the women are paralyzed and victimized by all of the forces that are working against them o This is not the case: just as the men are not paralyzed by their own situations nor are the women o Efforts of women to take greater control over their lives o Page 213 - they are in the midst of creating a great autonomy for themselves (i) Candys Case o She is exceptional: shoots her husband, takes over his corner for a while o She becomes the crack dealer o She was doing stuff not a lot of other women there do o Despite this exceptionality of her individual circumstances she also experiences and reacts to the same structural constraints of the women So she is exceptional and typical o Having 2 social security numbers = WEAPON OF THE WEAK Defraud the system o Her new outfit for court was a skin-tight red suit fly clothes vs. what is accepted in society o Takes on a masculine persona o What does her story tell us about masculinity, femininity, and the search for respect? Womens search for respect and viable sense of self worth is just as problematic and constrained as men She crosses gender lines in order to act like a man and gain respect as a crack dealer Inverts patriarchy o Tempo
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