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Lecture 3

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Maggie Cummings

Lecture Three Key terms/names  Worldview; ritual, rites of passage  Benjamin Franklin  the Bima and Dou Donggo of Indonesia  Protestant work ethic; Max Weber  Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf  Ritual (secular versus religious)  “Adamic” view of language  Rites of passage: segregation, transition, integration  Metaphors we live by (Lakoff and Johnson)  Liminality and communitas  Time as objectified and spatialized Worldview  an encompassing picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions about how the world works  Multiple worldviews may coexist in a single culture, or a single worldview may dominate  - how we view reality  -share an understanding of how the world works  -sounds similar to culture as a lens  -worldview is part of a given culture  -culture includes language, practices, political stuff. World view  -multiple world views might exists in one culture or their might be one dominant one  -tells us what is real and how we should act a upon it Thinking about worldview: humans and weather  Bima: rain is a gift from all-powerful Allah  Dou Donggo: rain is part of the natural order of things, which can be disrupted by mischievous spirits  North America?  -we view whether as something that just happens  -three very different world views that explain the same time  -without world view we don't know what to do Language, Culture, and reality  “We are what we speak”  Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: there is a systematic relationship between the categories of the language a person speaks and how that person understands the world and behaves in it  In other words, different language patterns yield different patterns of thought  -culture teaches us to speak in a particular what and to understand it  -some ppl believe that language shapes reality-Sapir Whorf  -thread adamic view of language - Adam named things-the world is there we just have different names for each thing in different language  -language creates reality  -Whorf studied the hope culture natives that lived in the plains  -they have no nouns or tenses  -the
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