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University of Toronto Scarborough
Maggie Cummings

th1Anthropology Lecture 2 January 19What is sociocultural anthropology Field work sets anthropologists apart from other social scientists Live for extended periods of time with who were are studying Ethnography field report analysis of our findings Accomplishes culture from the natives point of viewthe reader will be able to see that culture from the natives point of view Thick descriptionContext for knowledge about culture Example eyebrow raising during her field work she read the eyebrow raise wrong Where she did her field work it was a way of agreeing to them whereas to us it is a sexual connotation Must describe the contextHistory Victorian anthropologists were strongly influenced by Darwin Tylor defined culture page 37 culture is that complex hole which includes knowledge belief art morals laws etc as a member of societyAll cultures could be ranked from least to most civilized Cultures themselves could evolve Darwin Frazer Mythreligioncomparsion In terms of rationality magical thinkingreligious thinkingscientific rational thought all cultures move through these steps these people would read other peoples accounts by missionaries explorers etc they read them and created their comparisons from what they read Were not doing field work call them today Armchair anthropologistsstarted to get a few more adventure people they wouldnt stay where they were studying But would stay with missionaries etc On the Verandahwatched village life go by Off the porch and live where they were studying not til then til we have modern anthro MalinowskiOff the Verandah1910smuch better way to learn about different cultures Participant observations take place in daily life but you maintain enough of a distance where you are able to record information Long term field workparticipate observation in order to rank them and compare them to British society he came to see that people were actually not so simple where he was staying They had their own laws politics etc They are no less cultured than those cultures in Britain and such Cant rank them only compare P observation is very unique as a methodanthro is a social sciencenot objective Most scientists take positivism for granted To what extent is anthro an objective science and subjective Instrument is ourselvesFranz Boas father of the American branch of sociocultural anthropologycultures need not be studied in pieces or ranked should be holistically not comparative Studied on their own termseach culture has its own particular unique history that has gotten it to the point where it ishistorical particularismbad science to try to fit cultures into a schema to assume we already know where cultures are going to go Cultural relativism the idea that as anthropologists we have to interpret these specific
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