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Lecture 6

Lecture 6

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Bianca Dahl

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Unseen forces = invisibility -in the context of the transition, there is a rise in uncertainty -ppl feel that their moral orientations (good/bad) is all up for grabs, also feel spiritual insecurity(uncertainty) (crime: if I walk somewhere will I get robbed) links to witch craft witch craft in ANTHRO. -kinship -ppl who are competition over resources (madumo – there is a witch who caused death of Maduma’s mother, siblings accuse madumo, he accuse someone else) -misfortune in life is someone else’s fault – therefore blame others for mishaps in life there is something else that is making my life difficult, unseen force (rather then yourself ) -witchcraft caused by jealousy Different notions of jealousy western: you have this, makes me jealous bostwana: hatred, resentment, bitterness, envy (all encompass jealousy) (madumo: jealousy: had friend helping him go to school instead of going to school resentment: siblings didn’t think he helped their mother enough) Think, pair share -what was madumos problem? -search for a cure b/c he was depressed? *medical, religious or psychological -there is no right answer *question to analyze between the 3 on exam? -it’s a little of each Religion: -way of explaining the world, and making sense of the things we can and can’t observe -morality (values of good and bad) -science is really like religion Anthropology of religion: -every religion is created by the human community that worships it revolutionary thing to say -emile Durkheim (sociologist anthropologist) built on fuerbach ”the sacred” – the defining characteristic of religion (not that you believed in supernatural things, but the idea of being sacred) sacred =w/e gets set apart from the profane (everything that is normal) Totem -usually an animal or spiritual figure -mascot for a kinship group -comes with regulations and prohibitions of the animal -spiritual animal for the kinship which venerates it -come with set of ideas Ex. Bakgatla: totem = monkey -think of monkey as crafty sly figure -can’t harm or eat them Durkheim -group meetings provide an energy “collective effervescence” bright bubbly and exciting (collective bubbling) closest to being an emotional state --when they lose self individuality from some event and becomes closer to the community/group -individual becomes united with the group EX. Singing in a choir : do same moves, and becomes groups, builds as they sing and dance together -doesn’t just have to be religion event EX. Soccer match: u.s. vs guyanna -face paint, dressed up -the whole group cheering Pentecostal Christianity -single biggest growing religious group ppl come together and speak in tongue, and intensity of collective effervescence Victor turner -1969, updated collective effervescence -broadens perspective -communitas –happens in community more happens across ritual (community spirit) -don’t see too much evidence in mudumo (ccommunitas and collective effervescence) -not the only thing that antho has to offer Durkheim: -how do the two things fit together? -very symbolic approach -religion like culture is not static (change over time) ex. Women and Christianity over time (new vs old testament) there are contradictions on both most Christian groups, there is a balance between men and women (new) -symbolic: by looking at religion and practice, we learn more than just narrow prescriptions of beliefs (these are the rituals), tells us more about morality and ethics (right and wrong good and bad). Religion isn’t always about articulation of morality, but they are lots so what is religion? -how do we really define it? –society worshipping itself, no substance from anth perspective -brings us back to where we started -supernatural, -durkhiem – not focused on anthropologist -wallace- having to do with supernatural (extraordinary realm outside real world) -problem with definition is that they just don’t distinguish between the two -focus on congregants – those actually doing worship (commutism, effervescence) -relgion: binding and tying individual with the divine and community sometimes they are imaginary community (not worshipping together, but believe others have shared faith) *religion; most religion has explanatory definition provide a cosmology principle of beliefs about the nature of life and death, th
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