Tuesday November 22, 2011
Lecture: Manifest Destiny/Zionism
-We watched a “you tube” documentary about
Manifest Destiny from the Shawnee Indian Mission
When early American soldiers went to the holy land from
America, they were already seeing comparisons b/w the
American west and what they saw as the holy land. People
traveling to the holy land and seeing Palestinians and
seeing them more different than North Americans
Good thing about comparison:
When you’re able to construct and see the ideology of
culture that underlies cultural and political comparisons
Bad thing about comparison:
When you think you understand the world based on your
- Manifest Destiny
The belief or doctrine, held chiefly in the middle and latter
part of the 19 century, that it was the destiny of the United
States of America to expand its territory over the whole of
North America and to extend and enhance its political,
social, and economic influence.
Incorporates 3 key ideas:
1.Virtue of American People and American institutions a. The idea that their institutions are more virtue
than anybody else’s
2.Mission, the idea that one should civilize or be a
beacon to the world by spreading American ideology
3.Destiny: They believed the American people were
destined to govern the entire continent.
a. Idea that this is meant to be rather than through
Gave some historical background about Zionism.
Zionism is a movement for the reestablishment and
protection of a Jewish Nation in what is now Israel. It was
established in 1897 by Theodor Herzl, who declared that
the aim of Zionism was to establish a “national home for
the Jewish people secured by public law”.
Zionism drew on Jewish religious attachment to Jerusalem
and the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel). But the politics of
Zionism was influenced by nationalist ideologies, and by
colonial ideas about Europeans’ rights to claim and settle
other parts of the world. (i.e. Manifest destiny)
Zionism in some ways is truly and really the creation of
Two later incidents that encouraged the desire for a homeland:
Pogroms: Murderous anti-Jewish riots in the Russian
Empire late 19 and early 20 centuries.
The Nazi genocide (mass murder) of European Jews during
WW2 killed over 6 million Jews.
Europeans saw Jews as a problem for them. Europeans
looked for solutions to the “Jewish problem”.
British Mandate Period/ Balfour Declaration (1917)/
Nazism/ Final Solution
1 Form: 1920s-1970s: Labour Zionism, which sought to
link nationalism and socialism. Kibbutz movement.
Kibbutz, Trade Unions, and Zionist militias (Haganah and
Palmach)= Labour Party. Sought nationalist home in
2 Form: Revisionist movement led by Vladimir
Jabotinsky. From the 1920s-1970s they openly called for
the establishment of an expanded Israeli State. Armed force
required. Formed basis of Likud Party.
Until WW2, most religious Jews were not Zionists.
Orthodox Jews were Anti-Zionist, for religious reasons,
and because the