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Lecture

9_Lecture_ANTB19_Tuesday_November_22.doc

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTB19H3
Professor
Donna Young
Semester
Fall

Description
Tuesday November 22, 2011 Lecture: Manifest Destiny/Zionism -We watched a “you tube” documentary about Manifest Destiny from the Shawnee Indian Mission Historic Site. When early American soldiers went to the holy land from America, they were already seeing comparisons b/w the American west and what they saw as the holy land. People traveling to the holy land and seeing Palestinians and seeing them more different than North Americans Good thing about comparison: When you’re able to construct and see the ideology of culture that underlies cultural and political comparisons Bad thing about comparison: When you think you understand the world based on your ethnocentric viewpoint - Manifest Destiny The belief or doctrine, held chiefly in the middle and latter part of the 19 century, that it was the destiny of the United States of America to expand its territory over the whole of North America and to extend and enhance its political, social, and economic influence. Incorporates 3 key ideas: 1.Virtue of American People and American institutions a. The idea that their institutions are more virtue than anybody else’s 2.Mission, the idea that one should civilize or be a beacon to the world by spreading American ideology and institutions. 3.Destiny: They believed the American people were destined to govern the entire continent. a. Idea that this is meant to be rather than through human agency Gave some historical background about Zionism. Zionism Zionism is a movement for the reestablishment and protection of a Jewish Nation in what is now Israel. It was established in 1897 by Theodor Herzl, who declared that the aim of Zionism was to establish a “national home for the Jewish people secured by public law”. Zionism drew on Jewish religious attachment to Jerusalem and the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel). But the politics of Zionism was influenced by nationalist ideologies, and by colonial ideas about Europeans’ rights to claim and settle other parts of the world. (i.e. Manifest destiny) Zionism in some ways is truly and really the creation of Europe Two later incidents that encouraged the desire for a homeland: Zionism: Pogroms: Murderous anti-Jewish riots in the Russian Empire late 19 and early 20 centuries. The Nazi genocide (mass murder) of European Jews during WW2 killed over 6 million Jews. Europeans saw Jews as a problem for them. Europeans looked for solutions to the “Jewish problem”. British Mandate Period/ Balfour Declaration (1917)/ Nazism/ Final Solution 1 Form: 1920s-1970s: Labour Zionism, which sought to link nationalism and socialism. Kibbutz movement. Kibbutz, Trade Unions, and Zionist militias (Haganah and Palmach)= Labour Party. Sought nationalist home in Palestine. 2 Form: Revisionist movement led by Vladimir Jabotinsky. From the 1920s-1970s they openly called for the establishment of an expanded Israeli State. Armed force required. Formed basis of Likud Party. Until WW2, most religious Jews were not Zionists. Orthodox Jews were Anti-Zionist, for religious reasons, and because the
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