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Lecture 1

ANTB20H3 Lecture 1: week9

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University of Toronto Scarborough

ANTB20 - Week 9 Global Love and Marriage1 *Assignment: deconstruct./analyze concepts ; why these things (call centres, etc) link/don’t link to concepts *EXPLAIN the concepts  Women and Globalization/Gender and Globalization (broad theme) deconstruct and ask question linking these themes to case studies we’ve been reading: families and how they are affected by globalization e.g. changes in the form of migration and labour (resp. to families and work) - How does Glob. affect women and the fam.? I will look at A, B, and C  Comparing role of women in call centres and sex tourism (2 different contexts); informal econ. and labour, love and marriage *can read ahead • Themes: Exchange; Personhood: Ideas of cult. construct. of emotions, individ. vs. social being in group • What is love? Investment (finance & emotions), Companionship, Sacrifice, Security, Gradual/Instant, Desire, “Non-Substituability”/Monogamy, Faithfulness, Transactions/Making Demands, Respect/Honesty/Trust/Unity, Physical Attraction, Unconditional, Patience -Experiences, Social Construct, Expectations: security, sacrifice, gradual idea -something that people seek, desire; word for love in certain cultures mean diff. things -e.g. romantic  Romeo and Juliet; e.g. arranged marriages  love is gradual, you learn to love; ritual of marriage (legal or not) union that is recognized by others = obligations to people (faithfulness) • exchanges, voluntary/unrequited, a form of surrender of resources and emotions, desire; *love being free and voluntary is based on a cult. constructed misunderstanding -two ind.’s and fam’s coming together, legal contract b/w partners (b/ not always equal), think of love as not financially (socially constructed but not true) -includes econ., polit.’s, fam., indiv., emotions, law • Marriage -2 families coming together to make a public statement about the kind of fam. or group that you are - continuity of class/status/reputation -Kinship provides rules for marriage and love -who you can and can’t marry, who will be the next ruler, where auth. is deferred to... -why cult. rules vs. nat. rules? natural would be people wanting to have sex with each other -if we gave in to the idea of “just have sex with anyone”, we’d be giving into the id (vs. ego) • C. Levi-Strauss - Alliance Theory -Descent Theory (Anthro’s in Af.): people related through position in struct. in relatedness linked to descent (who’s one’s ancestors = position); geneolog. descent group -Alliance Theory: exchange of woman = affinity/alliance • Exchange of Women -King/Queen doesn’t just marry anyone cert. ethnic/ class/caste should marry same -exchanges involve goods + services, lang. + symbols and the super-gift women -Rule banning incest (precondition of such a system where solidarity can be best achieved by setting up structure of “reciprocity” - exchanges bringing diff. segments of society together and into alliances) -e.g. Dravedian cult.: accept. to marry mother’s brother’s daught. but not father’s brother’s daught. • The “Incest Taboo”: a man cannot marry his sist. b/c his sist. is his ticket of entry into social life -alliances are more fundamental than shared descent (C. Levi-Strauss) • Simple Kinsh
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