Lecture 12: 01-04-12
Final exam: worth 40%- 2 hours (2-4)—1 hr each (or 15 minutes each for SA and 45
minutes for long essay)
o 1: short answer (answer 5/7 worth 5 marks each- 25 marks)- half a page (if
you talk about an idea, say why you are mentioning about the question)-
don’t mention personal experiences
o 2: essay question: 1/3 (15 marks) ---1 question will be about ethnography
(other 2 based on 2 themes in the course) ---length? Around 3 pages single
Gender, politics, globalization in the Dominican republic and class,
gender and race
Global capitalism and labour: sugar plantation and tourism
Race: Haiti and Dominican Republic
Culture, Politics and Globalization:
What is globalization? Assumptions and debates
Limitations. Why is it uneven and awkward process? Not homogenous or evenly
Arjun Appadurai-“Disjunction (idea of separation- culture is not bound to a place it
is moving)” or scapes (scapes are doing something that culture as a concept not
doing--- assumptions of culture? Culture is something that is bounded or
unchanging whereas scapes can be changing and the perspectives also change,
perspective of landscape depends on where you are standing)
Possible question: what is globalization and its limits?
Dissolving barriers like time and distance (time-space compression due to
Makes political border increasingly irrelevant (borderless world)---nation states
and borders do apply (people coming from Haiti to Dominican Republic)
Hybridization of cultures and increasing mixing of peoples
Intensification of connections between different parts of the world and out
increasing consciousness of this development
What do anthropologists study (part of a question):
What happens when “Globalization” lands They analyze the assumptions
Politics of place and boundary making (culture and cultural identity are debated and
The importance of social context (social changes are situated and experiences
different, not homogenous)?
Just because the movies are watched both in Nigeria and India, it doesn’t mean they
are interpreted the same way (it means something in India and another thing
What kinds of new differences and inequalities arise (social inequalities that arise
and strategies of resistance)?
Local interpretation/translation (cultural ways of interpretation)?
How are the past and the future re-imagined?
Contradictions between what people say and what people do.
o I am FOR gay marriage but if my son or daughter is gay then I will be very
Appadurai and Imagination
“The world we live in today is characterized by a new role for the imagination in
social life” pg. 31
Appadurai points out that there is something new and critical in global cultural
processes- “the imagination as a social practice” (ibid)
Imagination plays a key role in creating and maintaining forms of id