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Lecture 5

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Girish Daswani

Lecture 5- Monday February 4 , 2013-- Gender and the Global Factory Sex and the city- orientalism, arab of middle east is seen through center cultural reps, reproduced, how gender is also seen through lens of director -western free liberated women going into another culture  Unified we: We Canadians, Americans etc  “We” shifts, moves, comes into being and becomes real at different moments in time -we of today as a Canada, is a diff We 50 yrs ago  context which we is applied makes us different too -we, singing a national anthem at a hockey game or who we are talking to, -shifts with the application  nationalism and the nationstate – imagined community (evoked in nationalist WE)  beyond national we see TN, how we can see beyond the nation -groups come together that sees a religious we -a muslim we, that expands across a nation  we distinguish from other groups -we are chinese, different from those that aren’t chinese  we creates otherness  depending how it’s use, can be good or bad  orientalism, rep of the other, -AUTO/orientalism: we or ppl internalize these stereotypes that others have of them -we see ourselves in the eyes of the other -not a one way thing -said: Europe had dominance of creating stereotypes of the others, -vs. looking glass self: sociologist that talked about socialization, see ourself through the other Men vs Women Sex: biological (3 sexes) Gender: social construction  gendered stereotypes: boys are better than girls -effects: kill daughters because they are a burden (endowment) -women feel like they need to be beautiful --beauty depends on the cultures perspective ex. Fat, skinny, well nourished etc.  women need to follow rules dominated by men  diff cultural standard in each place sex and gender  sex is generally associated with nature and gender with culture  gender traits and attributes become naturalized in ways that associate what is culture (gender) with nature (sex)  different form of heterosexual norms become naturalized, internalized and practiced as self disciplinary forms of power  culture becomes associated with sex -this is a boy, he has a penis, this is how he should behave (dominant, strong)  cultural attributes are internalized  culture which we are born into, how we internalize this over time and how we reproduced it Achieving beauty  dove commercial, what photoshop can do  our perception of beauty is distorted  happens when you’re young age Man or woman?  What does it mean to be a man or women?  Sex and sexuality can also be seen as socially constructed and perfomative -we can change are sex. -sexuality can also be performed, a man can be very feminine  How would one perform hetero-normative masculinity/femininity? -hetero-normative: everyone should engage in heterosexual relationships -moral norm of the idea that men and women are the only way genders should be paired  Should perform to certain standard of looks etc.  Women become natural subjects for sexual exploitation, gendered stereotypes and labor discipline, due to certain ‘essential qualities’ they share , within a global division of labor  Foucault’s idea of disciplinary power is important (creates docile bodies) -power built on knowledge (education, institutions, church etc) -we become relational beings with others based on the internalized beliefs from these institutions etc -simpsons, family guy- satire -why do women profs. Dress up more? They want to be taken seriously We Can do it!- rosy the riveter  When men went to war, showed that women need to become stronger  Turning point for women Working for women  Make it like home, doesn’t like change  Men no trouble at all- just do whatever they ask (obedient)  Women get married and leave -a/f the war women were no longer homemakers, were able to work in workforce True or false?  Globalization is creating employment for women outside the home – where they can sell their labor?  both: a lot to do with cultures, ideascapes: women are equal to men should be part of the labor force, countered by other cultures; women should take care of chi
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