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Lecture 8

Lecture 8.docx

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Girish Daswani

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ANTB20 Lecture 8 – Monday March 4 th Global love and marriage Assignment 2: -explain what you mean by these specific terms (labor, etc) -tutorial should be place where we start about question – go see them larger theme: women and globalization question: women migration due to globalization affect their children and labor question: how does globalization affect women and their family in this essay, I’m going to look specifically at A, b and c -why is the informal economy an important concept to look at in globalization 1 paragraph- want to look these examples from steven Gregory and bear, and the informal economy of traders and sex workers -looking specifically at gender and globalization -define gender, not just women or womens work but forms/ideas of what it means to be a man or omen -be specific when you use words. -extra level of specificity is important, ex. Look at comparing the role of gender or even women in call centers vs sex tourism -can look at orientalism, informal economy (work/labor), love and marriage -can choose how you want to question and you can read ahead – next week immigration, crime, global outcome why love and marriage?  Idea is linked to other themes in anthropology,  The themes linked to anthropology exchange, personhood (individual vs social being as a collective, how these ideas come together – idea of the person)  How does globalization factor in?  More possibilities to connect to other people  Recreating society and community and culture, or something new? Q: what is love? – leading to marriage or sex – excludes family  As individuals/ anthropologists/ members of the community, what is it? -investments (economical/finance/emotion) -categories of love -companionship -sacrifice -gradual /instant -patient, unconditional -construct -abstract, unidentifiable -love isn’t one dimensional -seek, desire, love -no word for love, diff cultures have diff meanings of love- ex1, love being romantic – one thinks of romeo and Juliet- give everything and get nothing in return willing to give, because that is enough ex2. Don’t fall in love, but gradual love – arranged marriage – not boy meets girl and they fall in love, marry. Rather parents meet girl/boy and collectively agree kids should marry *love is linked to marriage, ritual of being in a union which is recognized by others (ex ceremony- state recognizes that you have certain obligations to the other). *culturally recognized- atala – say 3 times and can divorce her  Is it about the individual? Or community?  Expectations/free?  Is exchange involved? Yes- b/c involves 2 ppl  Voluntary? Unrequireative  Form of surrender of resources  Can wound  Expectations when not met= dissatisfaction, grief  Desire  Free/voluntarily about 2 individuals = cultural construct  Love and marriage can be constructed in diff ways What do you think?  Legal contract between two equal partners? Not equal, just two partners  Is it about money or love? - romantic notion – feeling not money -something abstract - beatles “I don’t care too much for money, money can’t buy me love – but it can  Involves and includes politics, emotion, family, economics, and law  Not exclusive to one thing, does involved personal emotions Marriages  In many societies it is about 2 families/households coming together  It is also about elite families coming together as it makes a public statement about their relationships with one another (continuity o class/status become important)  Linked to ideas around kinship  Two families come together and business expands Kinships  How ppl are connected, whome one can or can’t marry, who will be the next ruler  Who’s ancestors are  Where authority is deferred to  Inheritance, Duties  Form of solidarity which requires certain rules,  Kinship is Cultural vs. natural -natural – reproduction, just want to have sex with each other -cultural – who you can and want to have sex with  Freud : ego. Social rules that come with socialization in life- ppl tell you who you can/can’t marry  Kinship is not only about blood ties or tracing genealogical ties to a line of descent Alliance theory  In the elementary structures of kinship “descent theory”  People are related due to opposition and structure linked to decent (ancestors etc)- that’s how you are linked  Levi-strauss: More about alliance with groups -groups want to form alliances because it allows for them to grow and expand networks -one thing they need to exchange from wealth/good/services is the super gift -when a man gives his sister away which creates affinity/alliance -certain families give to certain family, which can recreate certain forms of authority ex. King and queen don’t just marry random people – if you belong to certain group/class, should marry another individual who is of the same class to create allinaces. h/e there are rules Exchange of women  Rule banning incest – 1 act of culture – can’t sleep with certain members of your family – apply to certain cultures and still are applied --upper class do this more, to keep wealth in family, and keep reputation and networks  Solidarity can be best achieved by setting up a structure of “reciprocity”: a system of exchanges that brings diff segments of society together and into alliances  Exchanges involve one of 3 media – goods and services, language and symbols, and the super-gift of women  The precondition of such a system was a rule banning incest The “incest taboo”  Man cannot marry his sis because his sis is his ticket of entry into social life  Seems a little functional – ways in which people think if kinship rules  Like to create rules that come from the mind – all human beings think of the world through binaries – ways which we create rules b/c we all have minds  Certain univers
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