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Lecture 12

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Girish Daswani

Lec 12- April 1 , 2013- ANTB20 FINAL 1. 5/7 SAQ – 25 marks– quality and quantity important -can’t just be two lines, not enough to give example and a conceptual definition, and what you think -roughly half a page, given a standard handwriting 2. 1/3 essay question – 15 marks of exam -one question will be on ethnography being a question -two different themes in the course -devil behind the mirror, talk about global culture and politics in it -try to make each sentence hit a mark, telling something for a mark  spend time going through each lecture and the key important things of the lecture  read the questions, use definitions, give examples  2 hrs, 15 mins per SAQ, 45 for Essay  what is the term, what context does it apply in, what are you trying to say about these two things  what is globalization? Assumptions and debates  limitations. Why is it an uneven and awkward process? Not homogenous or evenly distributed  arjun appadurai – disjuncture (idea of separation – not bound to particular location)/ scapes  *possible question, consist of ½ moving parts  what is globalization? And assumptions/limits of it what are scapes? What are they doing in his ideas? -what idea is doing for theorist? Doing something that culture as a concept is not doing -talking of fluidity, take from landscapes, have different shapes etc – it is constantly changing, it is outside of bounds rather then a set thing, -there is a changing set of boundaries -culture = set, has boundaries  dissolving barriers like time and distance (time space compression due to technological progress)  make political border increasingly irrelevant (borderless world) -increasing irrelevant (claim) -b/c of globalization- cosmopolitan citizens -nation has less impact (claim)  hybridization of cultures and increasing mixing of peoples -culture mixing -new ways which globalization has allowed for  intensification of connections btw different parts of the world and our increasing consciousness of this development -there is more to it then meets the eye -Ex political borders = less important not true, nation states do apply, ex those from Haiti to Dominican republic. race still applies distinguishing the work you have borders aren’t less relevant, -arjun agrees – nation state maybe not as relevant as past, there are more concetions etc What do ANT study?  what happens when globalization lands? -compare with what others think -not just think of flows and TN corps, but how they are mediated by a concept like nation state, ideas of race and kinship and gender and culture  Politics of place and boundary making (culture and cultural identity are debated and negotiated)  Can’t just stop with interaction btw global changes and nation state and law and legal aspects of how we are bound to nation/world, but how we identify in this and how we respond to them -look at ppl themselves are engaged in politics with culture etc  The importance of social context (social changes are situated and experiences differently, not homogenous)?  Mcdonaldlization of world -how to make something your own, not just imitating others ideas  what kinds of new differences and inequalities arise (social inequalities that arise and strategies of resistance)? -idea that changes (economical etc) that were promised to us are an illusion -contradiction of what is promised and how they feel -moral msg, if it doesn’t happen , that’s what ANT try to understand  local interpretation/translation (cultural ways of interpretation)?  How is the past and future re-imagined  Contradictions btw what ppl say and what people do Appadurai and the imagination  The role of the imagination is important in the global world  It is something new, not just fantasy where you are living in a dream world, but there is a physical reality  3 things in imagination – image, imaginary, imagined community  *imagination is key part in maintaining identification, belonging through establishing possibilities for connection  the world we live in today is character by a new role for the imagination in social life culture and vultures  what are ANT doing? Are they cultures  in studying the global spread of culture/cultures, what is important is the general under determination of cultural meaning, its ambiguity and indeterminacy  why only look at vulnerable ppl? And expose for academic credentials  study how cultures change buy also how they retain elemnts of what ant have always been studying (power, exchange, kinship, work, gender) – have defn -concepts have themes and meanings which you can think about -ex. Gender , have a way of explaining what that means -ex. How culture changes? It will come with these other concepts and ideas -how labor is a part of global capitalism and your way of being exploited and a way of working for someone in a caring position  what is the role of ant in studying globalization, politics, culture? Are ANT cultures?  There is a level of implicit relationship btw ANT and colonialism -that is h/e changing
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