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Maggie Cummings

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1. Lorber Article  "Believing is seeing" as I understand it means that what one chooses to believe as pre-determined/factual differences between men and women is what one will eventually only see in regards to the sexes. It is like someone assuming because a liquid is clear like water, then it must be water. This aforementioned analogy helps me to understand what she is saying because she particularly addresses the concept that because women are biologically different to men, then they are inferior to men. Take the example of technology that Lorber utilizes. She states that in the construction of computers, two particular roles are played: those that do the wiring and those that develop the software (Lorber 1993: 574-5). Lorber takes note that the wiring and lower clerical work with computers is done primarily by women, while software development and higher tasks are dominated by men. This is as a direct result of the wide-held belief that men are naturally more suited to work with the mathematical nature and coding associated with such higher computer tasks as developing software, while women are incompetent to do such tasks and therefore must be confined to tedious wiring or mundane clerical work. This example is significant because it shows that the ideology of male dominance in society is deeply entrenched because people are trained (subconsciously and consciously) to think in such a way, and this in turn results in actions geared towards affirming such an ideology. Such actions include for example different pay for men and women even though they do exactly the same work. Ultimately, this leads to higher value being attached to all that is male-associated, while anything with female-association is devalued or serves only to cater to the male psyche. 2. Don Kulick Article a) Redundant?  It would be redundant for a transvestite to have a sex change because that would mean him virtually losing his identity. Kulick's ethnography gives me the impression that Brazil is divided along 3 gender lines: masculine, feminine, and feminine-like. This three-fol
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