1. Lorber Article
"Believing is seeing" as I understand it means that what one chooses to
believe as pre-determined/factual differences between men and women
is what one will eventually only see in regards to the sexes. It is like
someone assuming because a liquid is clear like water, then it must be
water. This aforementioned analogy helps me to understand what she is
saying because she particularly addresses the concept that because
women are biologically different to men, then they are inferior to men.
Take the example of technology that Lorber utilizes. She states that in
the construction of computers, two particular roles are played: those that
do the wiring and those that develop the software (Lorber 1993: 574-5).
Lorber takes note that the wiring and lower clerical work with computers
is done primarily by women, while software development and higher
tasks are dominated by men. This is as a direct result of the wide-held
belief that men are naturally more suited to work with the mathematical
nature and coding associated with such higher computer tasks as
developing software, while women are incompetent to do such tasks
and therefore must be confined to tedious wiring or mundane clerical
work. This example is significant because it shows that the ideology of
male dominance in society is deeply entrenched because people are
trained (subconsciously and consciously) to think in such a way, and
this in turn results in actions geared towards affirming such an ideology.
Such actions include for example different pay for men and women
even though they do exactly the same work. Ultimately, this leads to
higher value being attached to all that is male-associated, while
anything with female-association is devalued or serves only to cater to
the male psyche.
2. Don Kulick Article
It would be redundant for a transvestite to have a sex change because
that would mean him virtually losing his identity. Kulick's ethnography
gives me the impression that Brazil is divided along 3 gender lines:
masculine, feminine, and feminine-like. This three-fol