Class Notes (835,574)
Canada (509,252)
Anthropology (1,586)
ANTC17H3 (22)

ANTC17 W12.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Genevieve Dewar

ANTC17 W12 - Bulk of the test is on today’s lecture - For the most part it will be similar to midterm but more MC - Show picture of fossil specimen and identify Specie’s name, where it was found, and the date. - Homo erectus were not uploaded so it was reloaded Lecture Outline - We differentiate anatomically human and behavior human o Prof thinks they should be classified together - Certain list of behaviors with symbolism and abstract thoughts - 2 different approaches to understand Continuity and Upper Paelolithic Revolotion o Prof believes in Continuity Anatomically Modern humans - Different from ancestor – possees forehead and chin, and some other features. Skull is blabular - We have gracile mandible of jaw - Our 3 molar (wisdom tooth) not enough space - Chin – mantel eminence – has to do with speech, language, reason, symbolic thoughts, etc. - Things are starting to fit together well in terms of evidence of history of our species. for a long time Genetic studies didn’t agree. All of our indication of MDNA says we have been species have been 200,000 years. - For a long time the onldest fossil remains we have from S Africa (the very right picture) AMHS – early fossil - KRM - Right picture – we have known this the longest o It is clearly anatomically modern o Got chin and forehead o But date doesn’t match - Recently, shifting to E Africa – we start finding fossil in the right time frame. Omo I – chin, forehead is vertical. So the date matches perfect as well, close enough to 200,000 ya. - Herto – forehead and chin. Nice balance between KRM and Omo 1 in terms of dating - AMHS – we see them in Israel, SW Asia by 100 kya - They seem to have migrated out of Africa at about __ ya in most Asia by about 60 kya in Australia… but doesn’t get to European until a very a long time later. 2 models are based on one in replacement (HS evolved in Afirca ony and replaced everywhere with NO gene flow, whereas second theory says with GENE FLOW) - Sphere heads o Weird and interesting because we don’t have 100% proof either than genetics that they were in the same time frame. o Other than anatomy, humans and Nean are behaving at similar ways in the beginning. Upper Paleolithic Revolution - Occurs about 50kya – a major transition and crazy explosion of culture - 2 ideas that were put forward to explain how this workds o Continuity – anatomical humans always have potential for advanced culture. Smal group will come up with innovation but we see more cultural interaction that makes a group culture o UPR – at about 50-40 kya, there is genetic mutation since they started eating shellfish etc  But we see no genetic mutation in the brain so difficult to prove this  We need complex fatty acid before we can have abstract thoughts – we have to continue consuming marine food… but how about those people who didn’t eat these food? You don’t require a constant consumption of food The list (bucket list) - Each thing on the list are innovative and amazing and some say you have to have all these. Prof thinks human can adapt flexibly - 2 approach – one says you have to have biological difference, but continuity says no culture does - Different tool industry shown here - Expansion of diet – they are starting to catch fish, small rabbits, and long distance trade (risk-reduction mechanism), jewelry (proxy for groups, self- identifying), art (abstract ideas like music, game), burial (ideology of thoughts of afterlife. If they are writing on the wall of afterlife we don’t know how to interpret) Tools - Transition from Olduwan to P – how much edge we can get from per pound - Achuelian – many flakes removed and these flakes as knives. - In UPR in the same flint, they are still standardized in small flakes. Thinner that produce blade vs flake – blade: any flake that had to be 2x as long as it is wide – but this is remarkable because it acts as a blank of host of different types of tools. We now have 64 different tool types. these new blade industry can be made into numerous different tools. - Swiss army knife – we start seeing needles, sew clothing, etc. Important in N Europe where it is cold. Instead of big scrapers we see small scrapers. We can take 2 blades – if you break sphere heads, take a new one and put it in instead of makinga new one Tool types - More knives than scrapers - We see other materials as tools like antler points and wooden points and bone points o Why do we see this change? o archeological disability – hasn’t decomposed yet so there hasn’t been tiem for it to fall apart Projectile technology - We can launch its arrow head and add extra lever to the image. So we picking up boomerangs in Australia, and these things are engrained and artistic expression on tools Fishing - Not just sea side fishing but large marine protein - Ivory fish hook – they are already going after dolphins, small whales, seals. - Expanding and utilizing more shellfish Bone harpoons - They are engrained with no reason Pigments - Regular use for arts, coding their bodies so you can identify them from distance. Also it can be used as temper that makes sphere stiff Personal ornamentation - On the right it is ostrich eggshell that has been grained
More Less

Related notes for ANTC17H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.