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ANTC17H3 (22)
Lecture

Anatomically Modern Humans

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTC17H3
Professor
Genevieve Dewar
Semester
Winter

Description
Announcements: AnatomicallyModernHumans Test:Pictureoffossilspecimenincluded.Indentifyspecies, March-28-12 time,location,nick-name 1:04PM TheList - Finelymadetoolsbasedonblades AnatomicallyModernHumans ○ Bladeisaflakethatis twiceaslongas itis wide - Features ○ Globularskull,lackofoccipitalgrowth ○ Increasedefficiencyinuseofcobbles(30feetofcuttingedgev.30, or12, or3) ○ Foreheadandchin(Mentalemulance,potentiallyrelatedto ○ Actsas ablankfora wholehostofnewtools speech)  Ie.Needles,toolsforcuttingwood,abilitytoengravefornon-functional reasons,smallscraperforms,abilitytouseothermaterialsforweaponsaswell ○ Moregracilemandible,reductionofspaceforthirdmolar (bone,wood,antler-Couldbearchaeologicalvisibility) - Timeperiod ○ Fossilsappear200,000yearsago, Geneticssuggeststhesame ○ ProjectileTechnology ○ SouthwestAsiaby100kya  Bowsandarrows,Atlatl,boomerangs  MountCarmelinIsrael;AMHS at baselayerswith  Ornateengravingontheseitems,patterns - Evidenceforfishingandcatchingbirds Neanderthalsabovethem ○ Deepseafishing,shellfish, aswellassmall ○ Australiaby60kya ○ Europeby50kyaand potentiallyNorthAmerica ○ Fishhooks,harpoonsmadeofbone,ivory Specimens ○ Ornateengravings - OmoI - Evidenceforlongdistancetrade ○ Riskreductiontechnique ○ EastAfrica - Systematicuseofpigment,jewelleryforself-ornamentation,non-utilitarianobjects ○ 195 kya ○ Showachin,skullparts ○ Indicationofself-identification - Herto ○ Potentiallyaculturalthing,butmayhavealsohadafunctionaluse ○ EastAfrica ○ Necklacesoutofostricheggshell,shells,bone,seeds,strungonanimalsinew ○ Carveddisk8cmin diameter;representativeofacow ○ Twospecimens ○ Closerto30kya,more 3Dpersonalornaments(ie.Bonependants) ○ Foreheadsandchins ○ SometimescalledHomosapiensidaltu - Worksofart ○ 165kya ○ CaveArt - KlasiesRiverMouth  European □ Horsesandcattle ○ SouthAfrica □ LascauxCaves ○ 125,000 AMHSTechnology  Paintingontheceilings(commonwithmostcavepainting) - FirstAMHStoolindustryisverymuch thesameas theMousterian  Littleevidenceofoccupationwithinthecaves toolindustry(CalledtheStillbayindustry) □ Positiveandnegativehand imprints □ Prominentpatternsoffingerdotsandabstractshapes ○ IndicationofhumanandNeanderthalsimilarities  Calendar,abstractthought? - UpperPaleolithicRevolution ○ Massiveexplosionofculture50kyaintermsofartefacttypes  Africa andevidenceforabstractthought □ Animalsaswell,butmorehumansbeingpaintedthananimals ○ Continuity □ Positiveandnegativehandimprints □ Prominentpatternoffingerdots  Wereabletodothisbefore,physicallyandmentally,but  Debateonmeaning didn’t  Cultureasdrivingchange □ Thoughttheywerepaintedcavemagicasawayto makethemappear ○ UpperPaleaolithicRevolution □ Recentresearchindicatesthatit'sarepresentationofthe'otherworld'  Geneticmutationcausedthechangeinbraincognition forshamens,andwereentrancewaysintotherealmsoftheother  ArtSuppliesleftover  Potentiallybecauseofaccesstonewfoodslikeshellfish; □ SouthernAfrica,foundapallette ideathatweneedfattyacidsindietto becapableof cognition-doesn'ttransferontonextgeneration,would □ Redandyellowochre,Manganesedioxideforblackpaint needconstantsupplyofshellfisheverydaytobeableto □ Findingofcarvingtoolscoveringinochre think □ Bone'brushes'withhairsorgr
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