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ANTC32 – W2.docx

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Chris Krupa

ANTC32 W2 - Seminary opposition - Structural relativity - Tribe (segment primary 2009 etc.) - Clan - Fission/fusion - Lineage (maximal etc.) - Aristocratic clan/lineage Overview of Scope of Anthropology - Distinct subfield of anthropology Political foundations of anthropology Is there a non-political anthropology? Remember its emergence in relation to colonialism and its effects Human difference and the constitution of anthropologys object of inquiry (primitive society) The politics of knowledge: what and why do we want to know about difference? - Is there non-political anthro? It is a sincere question because we can say all anthro is political and considered non-political. The context which anthro emerges as discipline. Anthro grew out of and worked alongside of making the country. The context and time period and the types of questions by being overlaid, political context of the world. The world of people who were governed and governing. - What is the most important to that is if people started on human difference, anthro is interested in what the diversity is all about. The human difference in the world is shaped by colonialism. It had to be made in particular way. Division of the world into modern and primitive, 1 and 3 world, etc. are relational terms, and one cant exist without the other. The countries that are poor today are considered rich on the other side of the world. - Anthro discovers that it should study the difference. It was very specific direction. The ways in which the size was being whipped of resources were becoming sites of knowledge. They were bringing the knowledge back. The Foundations of Political Anthropology Classification Band/ Tribe/Chiefdom/ State Centralized/ Uncentralized Systems Two key points: Linkages between political and non-political The particular link between political centralization and social hierarchy/ division (inequality) Evolutionary thinking? So the question: how stateless societies maintain order. - The very foundation is based on the context and constitution of object of knowledge. - Flow of knowledge was made into places that were produced knowledge. They were sending anthro to another countries to study them. And something was brought back knowledge. This extraction of knowledge is cultural social pattern of people that were about to be governed. If you want to govern something you better find out what they were thinking. - It was build upon a president. It was the legacy that anthro couldnt get away from. Even anthropologists are critical of colonial projects. Its essence that is all good and proper in their own place, was actually part of strong political critique, and was made of power. - If you can understand that you might just stop massacring them. The early presentation of integration was built upon political critique. The knowledge going back to Europe was produced by another what did they do? It was impossible task and educated ripped. - What interests would you see off reports from other countries? o Will know evolution of a society o Suggests something about our early development o Fundamental form of things we grow into o We have a lot of books of religious life o They were about Papua new guinea. - Why do we have law state politics religion etc. this idea provided not cuz these societies were less evolved. The reception of anthro at this time was good and equal in their own way yes but not so much. That is political way of reading that these societies are not ok - The other thing is that it can confirm superiority that is made up of life. This is the question he will be asking in respect to the readings today. Did political institution not govern this society? Overhanging question what was the fascination? Thing to have in your mind what does it like to be British in 1940s? What is fascinating about it? Classification - Early political anthro was concerned with the beast of its time. Knowing and thinking about the world. One of the ways = types of acts, basket leaving, kinship, political systems that may be found in society in the world. The most important and enduring of this is that there are 4 types of poli systems in the world o Band, tribe, chiefdom, state o First 2 are uncentralized and last 2 are centralized o Point: in all these cases, however they are defined, which appear as non-political things carries political function. There is linkage btwn political system btwn state and tribe and other things that happen in that society. Important what counts as political is linked to 2 things that are strictly political. It is most associated with hunter and gatherer in band. Bilateral kinship. Bad part of it is that it is the rigid definition of a society. Then what if 1 thing is off? Is it not band anymore? Is it still? - The link btwn social hierarchy of any kind and political centralization societies that are marked are very different and uncentralized - In the society that is not centralized, there is no other type of social division - There is no other ranking going on. This is an important point. Prof controls knowledge of some kind, some people govern etc. how do these people get food? He has to get it from someone else and produce to survive. Prof doesnt do real work. He has to extract work from farmers. Extraction of domain of economy means that someone has to do work n some dont. mechanism of surplus enforcing them. So that is a really important point. What is the ideology that allows for all us not spend half of our day growing food? This link btwn social hierarchy and centr
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