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ANTC61-July 2.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Laura Sikstrom

Field Report Part 2  can use more than one author if it is the same theme Critical Medical Anthropology  e.g. Tina Moffat...asking if it is fair to think about it in only biomedical terms?  CMA tends to be more applied, results are deliberately trying to be used to use in health around the world or bring attention to problems around the world  CMAs are very interested in social, political and historical causes of illness e.g. structural violence structural violence - developed by Paul Farm  wants to move beyond why poverty causes health inequalities (e.g. poor working condition, access to healthcare, poor sanitation)  SV explains HOW that happens, not just saying that it causes inequalities o also helps to think of where we should intervene  also looks at how people feel, think about and live with poverty in their daily lives  Farmer on HIV and TB in Haiti o Farmer argues that they only reason why they have more HIV is because of historical oppression  political oppression  US and French refused to buy their goods (as a punishment for defying slavery)  they also made them pay back millions of $$  economic exploitation  (slavery, US manufacturing)  has the highest trade agreement (with US)...poverty is directly correlated to the relationship that the countries have with each other...(it is still a form of slavery)  racial discrimination  (voodoo and sin)  Haitians were blamed for bringing HIV because they use voodoo (but it was actually sex tourism that brought HIV to Haiti)  criticisms of structural violence o too linear, deterministic  its effects are not predetermined  make really broad strokes, generalizations  e.g. popular media likes quick fix answers e.g. Islam made them do it o too much of a 'black box'  e.g. gender and race  very macro perspective, but doesn't really differentiate between gender much or race o need to understand power and privilege  'studying' up  saying we should study rich people (ethnography of Wall Street)  how victims become victimizers  e.g. someone grows poor, becomes a police officer and takes bribes against poor people  most people go about their day without too much protest o diffuses responsibility  who is ultimately accountable for "structural violence"  somewhat unmanageable in real-life solution  really hard to affect large scale structural change o conflates kinds of violence that need differentiation  gender violence, genocide, organ it helpful to think of it from only one analytical lens?  need to think of violence as a continuum (there are mild and extreme and in between, not black and white)  Key Challenge: Structure vs. Agency o how do we connect what in small scale to larger political issues? o structure can limit certain people  e.g. St. George charges you full-time tuition in the summer even if you are a part-time student  e.g. high cost of nutritious food and how it is unavailable in poor areas  Level of analysis o individual  the challenge is that while you are at the individual, how do you account for the macro-level o micro-social o intermediate social o macro-social multi-cited ethnography- follow certain things e.g. organ trafficking, follow patients through the process or follow a policy that is made and think about how all the levels are connected  bioviolence o structural violence  kidney transplant surgery is very expensive (structural boundaries)  SV because people who need it the most are the ones selling their organs or they n
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