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Lecture 10

ANTC61 Lecture 10.pdf

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Peter Skrivanic

Lecture 10Wednesday March 16 2011237 PMBiotechnical Embrace the metaphor of a shortage of organs is embedded in transplant discourse and the assumption of Socially producing a shortage of organsmuch of this course is that donations have declined At the same time demand has increased The increase for wait time is due to decrease in supply and increase in demand There is an increased rate of live donations ie kidneys and it has been found that the live donors are a better solution Organ tourism ie Canadian going to Germany are becoming more popularFacotrs that account for a shortage of organsDecreasing traffic fatalitiesTrauma units better at preventing onset of brain deathAging population decreases pool of viable donorsMargaret Lock writes about these factorsIncreased demand due toAging population and increased rates of diabetes and Hep C among younger popoulations association with poverty Pool of patients deemed eligible for transplants has expandedBioavailability How are donors created What circumstances drive people to conceptualize parts of their body as being for saleLawrence CohenPoverty and indebtness in contexts of social inequality are the 2 main facftors in context of social inequality lack of socialized health care and little regulatory oversight with the presence of occruptionsThere was little longterm data on donor outcomes but doctors assured recipients that they would be fine There was a gender dynamic in Sotuh India donors from urban areas are women and donors from rural areas are men There is a valuation of mens work and bodies more than womens This raises the question of whos health in a family member is considered most valuableThere are zones of belts that have a very high level of kidney donation and this might be on the part of moneylenders collateralizing the bodys rapport Most people who were in debt and donated kidneys ended up back in debtThere is a creation of perceptions by competitiors to make clinics look suspicious and part of a larger conglomearate that leads to an arms dealer for exampleEthical arguments winwin discourse makes it seem like everyone is winning This discourse admits of a very short frame time of consideration Its often not beneficial for donors Legally since 1994 youre not allowed to sell organs and organ tourism was meant to be curbed Generally it had to be donations from family or those who have died or approved nonkin donors by a committee Donating organs was viewed as a highly risky proposition so a nonfamily member was preferred same standard not applied Marxs is similar creation of commodity does not entitle you to a sense of ownershipcommodity fetishismCohen found a shortage of recipeients not donors He also talks about aggressive recruitic tactics with recepipients not being aware of duration and extent of medical expenses The ones who need it are too poor to be able to afford organ transplantsScheperHughes found that the winwin discourse is inapprorpiate when applied to stepp poverty Better Organ tourism regulation is empty rhetoric The language of rights can mask the suffering The technology creates a
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