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Lecture

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTC61H3
Professor
Peter Skrivanic
Semester
Winter

Description
ANTC61H Lecture 1 January 10, 2011 Themes - Names have a cultural meaning - Biomedicine – allopathic and homeopathic medicine - Japan – prescriptions in German – took on medicine from Germany when developing - Use language as a barrier from the public but as authority for the physicians - Medical pleuralism – social environment with many resources that give different understandings of illness so how do people choose which one - Being labeled as with illness impacts socially Positioning Medical Anthropology Historical Roots of MA - Four field model – physical/bio, archeo, linguistic, sociocultural anthro - Medical is the fifth field - Studies of ethnomedicine o Small scale societies o Many ritual practices o Witchcraft o Shaumenism o They were described in detail o 70s – anthropologists directed attention to more complex medicine, and particularly Asian medicine – long standing traditions o Study of comparative medicine – ethnomedicine - Cultural and personality studies o Anthropologists and psychiatrists o Relationship between adult personality and sociocultural environment o Does the place where you live shape your personality o Transculturalcomparison o How to account of mental disorders which are localized o Mental disorders among different people o Why do they exist in particular people o What in local context was shaping this - Cooperation with international public health ventures o Post WWII as US development efforts expanded into Asia, Africa o People realized first world solutions don’t work in third world context o Can’t transplant medical process because cultural gets in the way o Worked along with public health personnel, to educate, and show that our medicine is not culture free - Physical anthro – not in this course o Work with pathologists, epidemiologists o Used biomedicine approach o In forensics, nutrition, development o Comparative anatomy o Strongmedical component o Idea of evolution and adaptation o Medical ecology – how disease operate in a particular environment o Sickle cell anemia – why is it existing – the trait confers immunity to malaria o Genetic evolutionary approach Other Influences - Feminism o Patriarchal power in biomedicine o Why is child birth medicalize o Rights and women’s rights o Abortion, euthanasia o Critical about power structures - Humanist ideals o Increasing technology and decreasing person
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