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Lecture

Lecture 1 - ANTC68

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School
University of Toronto Scarborough
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTC68H3
Professor
Bryce
Semester
Winter

Description
ANTC68 WINTER 2013 Lecture # 1: Introduction/Course Objectives Definitions - Epidemics: SUDDEN increase in NEW cases of a disease - Endemic: constantly present in low levels in a population - Pandemic: an epidemic has spread across a large region (multiple countries/continents) - Health: “not merely the absence of disease and infirmity but complete physical, mental and social wellbeing” – WHO 1978 - Morbidity refers to sickness while mortality refers to diseases - Incidence: number of new cases of a particular disease in a specific population within a given time period - Prevalence: is the number of cases of a disease within a specific population at any given time usually expressed as a rate per 100, per 100,000 - Vector: is any living agent that carries and transmits an infectious organism from one host to another - Epidemiological Triad consists of 3 interacting elements that promote/reduce negative health outcomes: Host, Agent, Environment - Why study epidemics? o New & Re-emerging diseases o Globalization making diseases capable of spreading world wide o Because so many epidemics respond to intervention o Because epidemics are likely to be exacerbated by climate change o Because we ca
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