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VPHA46H3 (32)

Lecture 1 and 2

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Art History
Kucherova Darya

Ways of Seeing Introduction to Art History VPHA46H3 Lecture 1 What is art?  The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination, typically in a visual form such as painting or sculpture, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power  Art is the objection of feeling  If someone calls is art, it’s art Ways of seeing: How?  How do we analyze artworks?  Form: line, color (hue), value, saturation, texture, composition, perspective, mass, volume, etc.  Content: subject matter, iconography, (symbols, ideas) meaning.  Style: regional style (where?), period style (when?)  Attribution: Who’s done it?  Medium, medium Medium, Media  Material from which work of art is produced. Suck as:  Sculptures could be made of marble, bronze, clay, etc. Ways of Seeing Introduction to Art History VPHA46H3  Painting could be done in oil paints, watercolours, pastel, ink, etc., and be on canvas, board, or paper. Media 3-Dimenstional 2-Dimentional Architecture Drawing/painting Sculpture Prints Installation art Photography Technique  Describes a method of producing an object. Such as:  Lost-wax casting method (described in the textbook) Architecture  Described in the Schematic drawings:  Plan  Elevation  Section Ways of Seeing Introduction to Art History VPHA46H3  Cutaway (see textbook for examples) Painting  Line  Color  Texture  Composition  Style of representation  Linear or painterly  Subject matter etc Representation  Artist represent what they conceive, not what they perceive. They record NOT what they SEE, but what they KNOW or MEAN.  Personal vision joins with the artistic conventions of time and place to decide the manner and effects of the representation. Content  Subject matter (what is present)  Social, political, religious, economic contexts  Intention of the artist Ways of Seeing Introduction to Art History VPHA46H3  Reception by the audience  Iconography (symbols and symbolism) Damien Hirst’s For the Love of God  Materialism  Possession  It’s a reminder of our mortality, the we must die one day Pre-Historic Art  Upper Paleolithic 40 000-8000 BCE  Neolithic 8000 BCE  Sculpture  Architecture  Ceramics  Bronze age 2,300-1000 BCE Ways of Seeing Introduction to Art History VPHA46H3 Woman from Willendorf (Venus of Willendorf) 22,000-21,000 BCE  Made from limestone, traces of red ochre  Length: 4 inches  Found in Australia, inside caves  Large breast, a bulging stomach, wide hips and solid thighs  This artist may be showing her health and fertility, which would ensure the ability to produce strong children, thus guaranteeing the survival of the community.  Venus of Willendorf was the original name but then was changed because Venus means spiritual/religious ties which they didn’t know, therefore the name was changed to women because of the shape of the figurine which symbolizes fertility. Ways of See
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