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Department
Art History
Course
VPHB67H3
Professor
Sudharshan Duraiyappah
Semester
Winter

Description
GASB67H3 Class Participation 10% Midterm 20% Essay 30% Final Exam 40% Buddhist Art and Architecture The Buddhist Religion: A Historical Introduction Week 1 RJ Intro and Chapter 1 pp 1-29 RF Preface and Intro pp7-28 Week 2 RJ Chapter 3 pp 62-67, 67-81 RF: Chapter 1 pp 29-33 Research Paper: an artifact from ROM Buddhism 3 Vehicles - Theravada (Hinayana) - Mahayana - Vajrayana - Use religious beliefs to deconstruct the artworks - mahaYana means great path - vajrayana Christianity Art - Victory over death Theravada (Hinayana) - Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos - Look Sri Lanka as the normative - Only monks can get enlightened, women not liberated Mahayana - Practiced in China, North and South Korea Mongolia, Japan, Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore - Everyone can be enlightened Vajrayana - The diamond pathway - Practiced in Tibet, Himalayan regions, Bhutan, Nepal, Mongolia Who is a Buddhist? - The one who takes refuge in: the triple Gems, the Tree Jewels, The Three Refuges - 3 Gems: Respect the Buddha- teacher, Dharma- teachings (written or sayings), Samgha- order of disciples (church, ) The Buddhist Objective - Is to follow in the footsteps of the Buddha - Follow the path to Enlightenment - As one progresses, one should become more compassionate, more generous - More detached from desire (the more u have the more you will worry about) - More mentally focused (constantly purify yourself) - Full of spiritual wisdom and purity Context of Buddhism - Ganga region 2600 years ago - 100 yrs before classical Greek - Buddhism originated in the religious context of the 6 cent BC India - Buddhist texts refer to the whole Indian subcontinent as: Open air seminars - Different paths with different teachers - The master laid down a discipline= Vinaya and - A set of teachings= Dharma - Many different ideas and religions at that time, the dominant is Hinduism Innovations - Teaching of the impermanence of the Human self or soul - Social egalitarianism - Reacted to the oppressive nature of “Hinduism” or Brahmanical Hinduism. Siddhartha Gautama - 531 or 589 BCE - A prince form a Kindom of Southern Nepal, born in Lumbini of the clan of Sakya - Sakya muni- sage of the Sakya clan - Samyaksambuddha- fully enlightened person
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