BIOA01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Samuel Wilberforce, Thomas Henry Huxley, Thomas Robert Malthus

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BIOA01H3 Full Course Notes
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BIOA01H3 Full Course Notes
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Charles robert darwin (1809 1882: born in shrewsbury england. Natural history was biological study of organismal form and variety in natural environment: going out and documenting life and behaviour, aristotle began classification of living/nonliving, natural theology seeks to (cid:272)atalog god"s (cid:272)(cid:396)eatio(cid:374) Taxonomy is biological classification of organisms: li(cid:374)(cid:374)aea(cid:374) ta(cid:454)o(cid:374)o(cid:373)(cid:455) fo(cid:396) the (cid:862)g(cid:396)eate(cid:396) glo(cid:396)(cid:455) of god(cid:863) Comparative morphology re(cid:448)ealed st(cid:396)u(cid:272)tu(cid:396)al si(cid:373)ila(cid:396)ities i(cid:374) (cid:862)dissi(cid:373)ila(cid:396)(cid:863) a(cid:374)ato(cid:373)ies: vestigial structures currently useless structures. Fossils: stratification is horizontal layering of sedimentary rocks. Different fossils in different layers: paleobiology is study of ancient organisms, catastrophism is theory of fossil formation by catastrophe. Jean-baptiste lamarck: hypothesized incorrect mechanism for evolution (principle use and disuse and subsequent inheritance, made important contributions to evolution: Species change with time and pass on changes. Ro(cid:271)e(cid:396)t g(cid:396)a(cid:374)t (cid:271)e(cid:272)a(cid:373)e da(cid:396)(cid:449)i(cid:374)"s (cid:373)e(cid:374)to(cid:396: studied invertebrates which is thought to have inspired darwin. Darwin attended medical school in edinburgh: was se(cid:374)t to ch(cid:396)ist"s college at ca(cid:373)(cid:271)(cid:396)idge to study theology.

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