Readings 2 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Biological Sciences
Maydianne Andrade

Readings 2 pgs 37-49 -according to the bible, species are unchanged since their creation and variation within each type is limited -the theory of special creation has two components -the first component ]ZZ} o]KZ}ZL}o][ZZ]Z} -the claims are that ~Z ]Z}L[ ZL2Z}2Z]K (2) they were created independently and (3) they were created recently -the second component identifies the process that is responsible for producing the pattern which is a creator -Darwin set two objectives when he published his famous book: to marshal evidence on the fact of evolution and to identify natural selection as the mechanism responsible -Lamarck, before Darwin, advanced the notion that all species are derived by gradual evolution from other species -He claimed the process was driven by the inheritance of acquired characteristics and by an inherent tendency for all organisms to progress from simple to complex forms -although the idea of evolution was under discussion for decades, Darwin convinced the scientific community that it was true -Alfred Wallace independently discovered natural selection -natural selection was not widely accepted as the mechanism of adaptive evolution until the 1930s -,Lo[Z}l}L2LZ}}LoZo ]}LZ]Z }]LL
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