BIOC63Fall2013Lecture 23.docx

4 Pages
155 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Biological Sciences
Course
BIOC63H3
Professor
Karen Williams
Semester
Fall

Description
BIOC63Fall2013 Lecture 23: The big picture – Environmental economics  Species and property rights o Large incentive to protect privately owned species o Low incentive to protect common animals  Wildnerness “cash-cows” o Big and dangerous animals capable of attracting paying visitors o Pay money to see these animals which can be used to protect the habitats where these species are living in  I.e. lions elephants polar bears  Maldives: sharks mean business o 50% of tourists go diving o 2.3 million $ just to go diving o Single Grey reef shark at one site (Maledives): worth 3,300 US$ o Profit to local fisherman, if caught: US$32 o 58% saw fewer sharks than expected o 83% of repeat visitors thought there was a decrease in # of sharks o → US$ 0.5 million loss of revenue just on one island o 1997, value of all sharks: 6.6 M $ (direct diving value) o o less sharks spottings recently o number or divers returning is decreasing  Protect rays and sharks o Creation of marine protected areas o Whale shark fishing prohibited o Export of rays and their skins prohibited o All shark fishing in tourist dive zones prohibited  Ecotourism o Mass tourism  lots of tourists, in little space, generates lots of money because it is cheap o Nature tourism  involves travel to unspoiled places to experience and enjoy nature. It usually involves moderate and safe forms of exercise such as hiking, biking, sailing, and camping o Wildlife tourism  involves travel to observe animals in their native habitats. o Adventure tourism  nature tourism with a kick: it requires physical skill and endurance (rope-climbing, deep-sea diving, bicycling, or kayaking) and involves a degree of risk-taking, often in little-chartered terrain. o mass money inflow  second largest global economic income (behind waste disposal) o ecotourism benefits conservation, people in host country and tourist o beyond nature tourism: respect and benefit protected areas as well as people living around or on these lands o Some money goes to the locals so that they can keep conserving the areas that people pay to see o Some profits go directly towards the conservtation o  Guiding principles for ecotourism 1 o Tourist activities must not degrade resource o Visitors should be offerred education first hand experiences o All steakholders must be involved  host community, government, non governmantl organizations, industry, tourists etc. o Tourism must respect intrinsic value of natural resources o Tourism cannot overtax resource supplies of local region o Stake holde must be encouraged to develop partnerships o Toursit revenue must provide conservation, scientific and culture benefits o All these things must be occuring at all times  Monetizing biodiversity o Ecotourism is the second largest spending after waste disposal  Tourism: Global economy o in 80% of countries  tourism is one of the top 5 export o for the 40 poorest countries, tourism imost important  oil is #1 o mass tourism  3% growth per year o ecotourism  30-40% growth per year!!!  Middle east > Africa > asia > Americas > Europe (in $$ tourism)   Ecotourists generally spend much more on vacations than regular tourists o Costa Rica, ecotourism: $1200/visitor o France, standard tourism: $400/visitor o Dominica: ecotourist spends 18x more $ than cruise o Where does the money go? o 80% of $$ of all-inclusive package tours → international companies (airlines, hotels) o Eco-lodges hire and purchase locally → up to 95% of $$ local  Guiding principles for ecotourism o Tourist activities must not degrade resource o Visitors should be offered educational first-hand experiences o All stakeholders (host community, government, non-governmental organizations, industry, and tourists) must be involved o Tourism must respect intrinsic value of natural resources o Tourism cannot overtax resource supplies o Stakeholders must be encouraged to develop partnerships o Tourist revenue must provide conservation, scientific, or cultural benefits to resource, local community, and industry as a whole o These benefits must be long term o Governmental control/reinforcement often weak  (1,5,8 guidelines) Having too man
More Less

Related notes for BIOC63H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit