Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Lecture 7

CITB01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Deliberative Democracy, Equity Sharing, Public Participation

City Studies
Course Code
Ahmed Allahwala

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
CITB01 Lecture 7 Presentation
Public Participation
Public Participation History
- “Cities have the capability of providing something for everybody, only because only
when, they are created by everybody”. Jane Jacobs, 1961
- “ the city planning profession’s historical concern with the physical environments has
warped its ability to see physical structures and land as servants to those who use them”
Paul Davidoff, 1965
He believes that planners should listen to the community
The community should have the ability to articulate what they wanted
- Citizen participation is a categorical term for citizen power” Sherry Arnstein, 1969
She had a lot of say on what to do to make planning a lot better
Sherry Arnstein’s Ladder of Public Participation
- Categories of public participation formats
- Arranged in a hierarchy based on the balance of power between planners and citizens
- More towards the top= more power to citizens
- More towards bottom= more power to planners
Public participation today
Lingering problems with Traditional Methods
- Don’t provide significant information to public officials that makes a difference to their
- Don’t satisfy members of the public that they are being heard
- Don’t improve the decisions that agencies and public officials make
- Don’t represent a broad spectrum of the public
New Frontiers
Why problems continue
- Public participation continues to face obstacles related to the organization of networks in
planning and community development:
Multiple levels of formal and informal organization
Flows of information and transaction costs
The dynamics of community and development
(Dempwolf & Lyles, 2012)
The communicative turn
- Planning is negotiation, bargaining and debate
- Planning is inherently political
find more resources at
find more resources at
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version