CITB01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Site Plan, Africville, The Planners
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Plan Implementation, Policies & Land-Use Regulation Tools + Mid-Term Info
• The Course Thus Far...
o Week 1: Introduction to Planning.
o Week 2: Canadian Urban Development.
o Week 3: History of Planning.
o Week 4: Ethics & Values / Africville.
o Week 5 (today): Planning Tools.
o Week 6 (next week): Mid-Term Exam.
▪ Important note: the reading regarding the process of planning (from last week) will
not be on the mid-term because we haven't discussed it in class yet.
• Week 4 Review:
o The importance of values in planning.
o Values and the politics of planning.
o Changing role of the planner.
o Planning ethics.
o "Remember Africville."
• Week 5 Objective:
o The Tools of Planning: Jurisdictions (who is in charge of what?), Policies (regulations
supported by legislation), Bylaws (laws passed at the municipal level).
▪ What is the appropriate geographic and jurisdictional scale for planning? In other
words, what are our planning units?
• Geographical scales include the global scale, the regional scale, the national
scale, sub-national scale (i.e., provincial scale or state scale), the municipal scale,
the neighborhood scale, the district scale, the street scale, an intersection-based
scale, or the smallest being the individual plot of land scale.
• The appropriate scale in Ontario is essentially the provincial scale, because the
province has ultimate jurisdiction over planning.
• The legislation that enshrines this jurisdiction is the Planning Act.
• The smallest scale - the Site Plan - adheres to each individual plot of land.
• Planning Terminology and Scales of Planning (Ontario):
o The following list represents planning scales and jurisdictions in order (in Ontario):
▪ Provincial planning legislation: Planning Act.
▪ Plan/zoning appeal body: Ontario Municipal Board.
▪ Urban regions: Regional Plans.
▪ Upper tier municipality: Upper Tier Plan.
▪ Municipal land use plan: Official Plan.
▪ Zoning: Zoning Bylaw.
▪ Special area of district plan: Secondary Plan.
▪ Street and block layout: Tertiary Plan.
▪ Land subdivision: Plan of Subdivision.
▪ Site plan review: Site Plan and Development Agreement.
• The Scope of Provincial Planning Legislation (Planning Acts):
o The creation of planning units;
▪ The Planning Act ultimately decides what the planning units are in the province.
▪ It also guides the cities with their duties.
▪ It guides how a municipality guides their plan(s).
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▪ The city may seem to be the body in charge, but it is ultimately the province's
o The establishment of organizational structures for planning;
o The content, preparation, and adoption of plans;
o The format for enacting zoning, building and housing bylaws;
o The system for subdividing land.
• Ontario Planning Act:
o If you would like, review the links below.
o Side note: city planners are not elected officials - they are municipal bureaucrats.
▪ City councillors make up City Council, alongside the mayor.
▪ The Planning and Growth Management Standing Committee is a committee made up
of knowledgeable individuals in regard to planning.
▪ This committee - and every other committee - then reports to Council for either an
approval/disapproval of the plan.
▪ Planners aren't decision-makers; rather, they write staff reports to Council with
recommendations and then send these reports to Council.
▪ The hierarchy is Council --> Committees --> Planning Division.
• The Official Plan:
o The document that outlines the planning goals, objectives, and policies of a municipality;
o A city's policy vision is to manage and direct physical change;
o Comprehensive and long-range;
o A blueprint document with a general focus;
o Deals with the main issues and major proposals;
o Development applications are evaluated against the policies and criteria of the plan;
o All bylaws must reflect the "intent of the plan";
o The province ensure that all cities have an Official Plan (OP), but city decides on how their
own will look; therefore, all cities have different Official Plans, which is reviewed every 5
o Pictured below: Toronto land-use map.
▪ Land designated for green space is not eligible for development.
▪ Growth is therefore directed to Avenues, Centres, Employment Districts, and the
Downtown and Central Waterfront.
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