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Lecture 5

CITB01H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Site Plan, Africville, The Planners

City Studies
Course Code
Ahmed Allahwala

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Plan Implementation, Policies & Land-Use Regulation Tools + Mid-Term Info
The Course Thus Far...
o Week 1: Introduction to Planning.
o Week 2: Canadian Urban Development.
o Week 3: History of Planning.
o Week 4: Ethics & Values / Africville.
o Week 5 (today): Planning Tools.
o Week 6 (next week): Mid-Term Exam.
Important note: the reading regarding the process of planning (from last week) will
not be on the mid-term because we haven't discussed it in class yet.
Week 4 Review:
o The importance of values in planning.
o Values and the politics of planning.
o Changing role of the planner.
o Planning ethics.
o "Remember Africville."
Week 5 Objective:
o The Tools of Planning: Jurisdictions (who is in charge of what?), Policies (regulations
supported by legislation), Bylaws (laws passed at the municipal level).
What is the appropriate geographic and jurisdictional scale for planning? In other
words, what are our planning units?
Geographical scales include the global scale, the regional scale, the national
scale, sub-national scale (i.e., provincial scale or state scale), the municipal scale,
the neighborhood scale, the district scale, the street scale, an intersection-based
scale, or the smallest being the individual plot of land scale.
The appropriate scale in Ontario is essentially the provincial scale, because the
province has ultimate jurisdiction over planning.
The legislation that enshrines this jurisdiction is the Planning Act.
The smallest scale - the Site Plan - adheres to each individual plot of land.
Planning Terminology and Scales of Planning (Ontario):
o The following list represents planning scales and jurisdictions in order (in Ontario):
Provincial planning legislation: Planning Act.
Plan/zoning appeal body: Ontario Municipal Board.
Urban regions: Regional Plans.
Upper tier municipality: Upper Tier Plan.
Municipal land use plan: Official Plan.
Zoning: Zoning Bylaw.
Special area of district plan: Secondary Plan.
Street and block layout: Tertiary Plan.
Land subdivision: Plan of Subdivision.
Site plan review: Site Plan and Development Agreement.
The Scope of Provincial Planning Legislation (Planning Acts):
o The creation of planning units;
The Planning Act ultimately decides what the planning units are in the province.
It also guides the cities with their duties.
It guides how a municipality guides their plan(s).

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The city may seem to be the body in charge, but it is ultimately the province's
o The establishment of organizational structures for planning;
o The content, preparation, and adoption of plans;
o The format for enacting zoning, building and housing bylaws;
o The system for subdividing land.
Ontario Planning Act:
o If you would like, review the links below.
o Side note: city planners are not elected officials - they are municipal bureaucrats.
City councillors make up City Council, alongside the mayor.
The Planning and Growth Management Standing Committee is a committee made up
of knowledgeable individuals in regard to planning.
This committee - and every other committee - then reports to Council for either an
approval/disapproval of the plan.
Planners aren't decision-makers; rather, they write staff reports to Council with
recommendations and then send these reports to Council.
The hierarchy is Council --> Committees --> Planning Division.
The Official Plan:
o The document that outlines the planning goals, objectives, and policies of a municipality;
o A city's policy vision is to manage and direct physical change;
o Comprehensive and long-range;
o A blueprint document with a general focus;
o Deals with the main issues and major proposals;
o Development applications are evaluated against the policies and criteria of the plan;
o All bylaws must reflect the "intent of the plan";
o The province ensure that all cities have an Official Plan (OP), but city decides on how their
own will look; therefore, all cities have different Official Plans, which is reviewed every 5
o Pictured below: Toronto land-use map.
Land designated for green space is not eligible for development.
Growth is therefore directed to Avenues, Centres, Employment Districts, and the
Downtown and Central Waterfront.
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