CITC09H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Town And Country Planning Association, Urban Density, Garden City Movement

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22 Sep 2020
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Garden city: as of 1900 most large industrial cities had: Sanitary reform (public health agencies, public water and sewer services): housing reform (controls on overcrowding, construction of low-rent housing), town extension planning in some locations, primarily germany and austria. Some of these two extensions were being designed with more aesthetic priorities. Civic art 1897: proposed sculptures, art exhibitions, art classes, proposed murals for new city hall, council refused to pay, george agnew reid worked for free. In and out of city: dispersal of poor on the city outskirts, dependent on mass transit. Land was cheaper, and more housing could be build on non-expensive outskirts land: transit necessary to get people from the outskirts into the inner city for work. Influence of arts and crafts movement: context: (moderate) socialist politics popular among elite in 1880s. In balance with rural life; residents buy local produce: rural economic decline.

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