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Lecture

CITB01 - LEC 2 - CANADIAN URBAN DEVELOPMENT.docx

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Department
City Studies
Course Code
CITB01H3
Professor
Ahmed Allahwala

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CITB01 – Lecture 2 – January 16 , 2013 CANADIAN URBAN DEVELOPMENT: PAST AND PRESENT Two aspects of urban development 1 Urban System – all cities within one urban system 2 Intra-Urban Structure – structure of environment within cities Mercantile Period (1600-1800) - Resource extraction in Canada (trading) o Fur (interest to British, France, Europeans) - Small scale - Staples Theory – explain Canadian development by looking at staples o Fur is relatively small, so not many people are needed, thus not much settlement - Quebec City and Montreal were the largest cities in Canada - Developed, colonized with natural resources Agricultural Expansion (1800-1850) - Decline in fur exports, because lumber became the largest export - Cut down trees → clearing of land → land to build homes - Larger ships were needed to carry lumber exports → increase of immigrants - Westward expansion - Toronto grew significantly – golden horseshoe o Became commercial centre - Transportation: walking (mostly) and horse carriages - Compact area, because mode of transportation was walking - Early industrial development o Halifax ship building - Starvation in Ireland o Potatoes - Enclosure Movement – Scotland - 1851 – population of 2.5 million o USA population was 10x larger, and keeps at a constant 10x Canada’s Industrialization (1850-1845) - Cities grew, but still compact (walking was still mostly used, and carriages were still a luxury) - Later industrialization than other places like the UK, Europe, and USA
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