Class Notes (906,442)
CA (538,613)
UTSC (32,642)
CLAA05H3 (96)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 of the course

7 Pages
145 Views

Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAA05H3
Professor
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Lecture#4
What is Myth?
-Divine Myths, Legends and Folktales.
-From the Greek word mythos.
-Myth can be defined as a traditional story”.
-With a plotline and characters like other stories
-Set in the distant past, but sometimes in actual places.
-Often part of an oral tradition, anonymous.
-Not something untrue as myth” is often used today
-Different versions of the same myth can coexist
Divine Myths
-Main characters are divine or supernatural (gods)
-Include Creation Myths (theogonies, cosmogonies,etc.) and other aetiologies of the natural world.
-Gods may be natural elements and/or real personalities with human weakness.
-Myth is separate from religious belief and ritual.
Legends
-Concern the great deeds of human heroes of the past, although gods can still play a part.
-Heroes are often semi-divine, and are members of royalty or the nobility.
-Ancient people believed in such legends as we regard history, helping to explain the past.
-There is usually a kernel of truth behind the legends
-Many heroes ay have once been real kings. Ex-> the Trojan war. Achilles.
-Includes aetiological explanations of social traditions
Folktales
-Main characters are ordinary people, not gods or heroes
-But in folktale fables, characters are animals
-Focus on entertainment, but also justify social / cultural traditions.
www.notesolution.com
-Folktales combine motifs that appear again and again
-like a treasure guarded by a monster
-Over 700 types of folktales have been catalogued.
-Ex-> Cinderella and Little Red Riding Hood are both Folktales.
The Descent of Ishtar to the Underworld
-2 versions of this story survive.
-The Sumerian version is 410 lines long
-Newer Akkadian version is only 140 lines long.
-This myth is connected with Akkadian cultures.
-Akkadian version found in Old Babylonian and Assyrian contexts
-Probably connected with cult ritual.
Taklimtu ritual in Nineveh concerning the bathing, anointing and lying – in-state of the statue of
Dumuzi.
Descent of Ishtar
-Ishtar is determined to go to the Underworld
Why? We dont know
-Underworld called:
Kurnugi : Land of No Return
Erkalla: The Great City
Egalgina: Everlasting Palace
-Description of the Underworld:
-No possibility of return
-No light
-dead eat dust for food and clay for bread
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture#4 What is Myth? -Divine Myths, Legends and Folktales. -From the Greek word mythos. -Myth can be defined as a traditional story. -With a plotline and characters like other stories -Set in the distant past, but sometimes in actual places. -Often part of an oral tradition, anonymous. -Not something untrue as myth is often used today -Different versions of the same myth can coexist Divine Myths -Main characters are divine or supernatural (gods) -Include Creation Myths (theogonies, cosmogonies,etc.) and other aetiologies of the natural world. -Gods may be natural elements andor real personalities with human weakness. -Myth is separate from religious belief and ritual. Legends -Concern the great deeds of human heroes of the past, although gods can still play a part. -Heroes are often semi-divine, and are members of royalty or the nobility. -Ancient people believed in such legends as we regard history, helping to explain the past. -There is usually a kernel of truth behind the legends -Many heroes ay have once been real kings. Ex-> the Trojan war. Achilles. -Includes aetiological explanations of social traditions Folktales -Main characters are ordinary people, not gods or heroes -But in folktale fables, characters are animals -Focus on entertainment, but also justify social cultural traditions. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit