As human beings, we all share these innate commonalities; we have reoccurring characters
that come up – linked to psychology – the tyrant and the hero figure.
Comparative Religion (religious studies). Religion is viewed as a worldwide culture, it
needs to be understood before it can be explained.
(Introduction to Myth – article) – he was a proponent to make others understand religion,
and understand the expression of religion in different cultures – as it redefines and shapes
Religious language is mythic language. Mircea Eliade – believed that religion expresses
itself from myth, it grants meanings to things by seeing them through mythic prototypes
and that mythic language is participatory (it connects individuals to a social order (is key)
and that it offers stories and teachings and images about the purpose of life and providing
guidelines, laws of living life.
However, everything: ideas, focal ideas, are deemed to be sacred, dowed by a supernatural
Not only does it guide them, it also asks things of the participants and mythical stories do
The stories are not right or wrong, they represent experiences back in day that were
observables to the human beings. And it is because we are Human, we experience the
world in religious terms.
Sitz im Leben – historical context, political context, geological context etc.
we have to be aware of both our own “Sitz im Leben” but also the “Sitz im Leben” of
William Paden – ARTICLE
He talks about myths as stories for entertainment, but also for story-telling. Myths suggest
real time, real places and were intended to represent the actual world at that time. He then
talks about: Ideology: something that tells us why the things are the way they are.
Something that gives us insight as to why it is they way it is
He talks about the prototypical events; foundational events. The myths have a two way
character, linking language in the world. Describes myths as a sacred, world, constitruting
Mythic Time – contains characters that are bigger than history, and talks about future
times, the espitology, the “end of time” myths.
The idea of the seasons, a cyclical nature of the world, what comes to be a world view:
that time started somewhere and ending in the near future.
He also talks about the interconnectivity of myth and time. These characters in myths help
structure time. (things are good, then flood, things are good, then hurricane etc...)
Talks about Gods as super-manifestation of man. The inclusion of Jewish and Christian
text within myths.