CLAA05H3 Lecture Notes - Abzu, Ninhursag, Kishar

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Lec03: notes & readings : 154-162 (descent of ishtar to underworld) and 163-181 (nergal and. Sumerians thought world was surrounded by terrestrial ocean, amidst the primordial sea, with the sky (an) and the netherworld (kur) Movement from plant to animal to human realms (ploughs to humans) Male gods (powerful, action, technology), females gods (wildness, passivity) Enuma elish is the epic of creation starring marduk (or assur in some versions) Apsu (fresh water) & tiamat (sea, salt water, chaos) -> lahmu & lahamu (hairy primeval heroes) as well as muddy (could be silt) Apsu & timat also made kishar (earth) and anshar (sky) They had anu (sky god) and ea/enki (also called nudimmud, fresh water god, god of wisdom) Apsu decides to kill the younger gods because of their noise, and ea, learning about this kills him, establishing his corpse as his house (calling it apsu too) Ea & his wife damkina give birth to marduk.

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