CLAA06H3 Lecture Notes - Moirai, Hieros Gamos, Cronus

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAA06H3
Professor
- Zeus sends flood to earth killing all but two humans - Deucalion (son of Prometheus)
and Pyrrha (daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora)
- Oracle: Titaness Themis advises them to "toss the bones of your mother behind your
back" open to interpretation
- Threw stones of the earth and humans were formed
- One of the sons was Hellen, eponymous ancestor of Hellas and its people
Offspring of Cronus and Rhea
Zeus Hera Hades Hestia Poseidon Demeter
Offspring of Zeus
Athena (Aphrodite: mothered by Uranus) Hephaestus Ares Apollo Artemis Hermes
Dionysus
Poseidon (Roman Neptune)
- Poseidons competition with Athena for the city Athens
- People of Athens chose Athena as their protector
- God of the sea, married to Amphitrite, a Nereid (daughter of Nereus) have a child
Hades (Roman Pluto)
- God of the underworld
- Etymologized "the invisible"
- Pluto - related to word "riches"
- Abducts Demeter's daughter, Persephone, who bears no children to him
Marriage of Zeus and Hera
- reenactment of sacred marriage (hierogamos) between the sky god and earth
goddess. hera is not really earth goddess
- Hera tries to get Zeus to stay away from the battle by seducing him, she is on Greeks'
side
- children: hephaestus, ares, eileithyia (goddess of childbirth together with artemis),
hebe (goddess of youth, cupbearer to the gods with ganymede. becomes hercales
bride)
- ganymede (trojan prince, son of tros, abducted by zeus and given immortality)
Other offspring of Zeus
The Muses (mother is Titaness Mnemosyne)
The Fates (Greek Moirai) (Represented by three old women), The Hours
(Horae/Seasons) (mother is Themis)
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