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Lecture 9

CLAA06H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Iphicles, Hippomenes, Kutaisi

Classical Studies
Course Code
Victoria Owen

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Lecture 9-Jason and Oedipus
Heroes connect to certain species
Myth was an althernative to science
Athens and Thesis—male sterility
Thebes city connecte to oracles
How riddles affect myths
Pollution and incests-myths related to thebes have violent family
Thebes associate with invention of writing
Thebes close to Athens so they are rivals
Thecias-capital of Thebes
Oedipous and the Myths of Thebes
Thebes, in Boeotia, north west of Attica
Two foundation stories for Thebes:
1. Cadmus and the dragon
2. Amphion and Zethus
Cadmus and the Dragon
Phoenician king Agenor asks his sons (Cilix, Phoenix, Cadmus) to go and
search for their lost daughter Europa.
Cadmus at Delphi – he would never find Europa, but he should follow a cow
and found a city where the cow stops
Founds Thebes on a hill in southern Boeotia
Slays a man-killing serpent at a spring sacred to Ares and is punished by
Ares to serve for him for eight years
Europa princess abducted by Zeus
Her brothers cant find Europa
Cadmus, Pithrya says he will never find Europa, to find a new home he should follow
cow and where the cow stps it the new city
Comrades suppose to bring sacrificial water
Goes to spring, but it is proted by a dragon
To build new foundation always have to fight dragon
Cadmus goes looking for his comrades, he kills the dragon
Athena advises hime to take out the teeth so that he can gain the city
Athena takes half of the teeth
The teeth turn into warriors who fight each other until only 5 remain who become the
Sparti are the ancestors of Thebes
Killing dragon with a stone
Carrying water
Athena has plate with teeth
Athena tells Cadmus to sow the teeth of the dragon (the Sparti, armed men
rise up from the earth, fought with each other and the five remaining were
the ancestors of the house of Thebes)

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Marries Harmonia, daughter of Ares with Aphrodite; wedding gifts from
Aphrodite (necklace made by Hephaestus, robe). Their children: Ino,
Semele, Agave, Autonoe
At death Cadmus and Harmonia leave Thebes, go to Illyria, and turn into
serpents, then are sent by Zeus to the Elysian fields
Ares punishes Cadmus for 8 years
Cadmus marries Harmonia
The wedding symbolizes connection between greek and Phonecians
The robe and necklace bring unhappiness and misfortune tho those who wear it
Agave-mother of Pentheus
Autonoe: mother of Acaton who died because he saw Artemis naked
Turned into a serpent by Ares
Either die as a serpent or goes to Elysian
Cadmus brought writing to Greek
Cadmus and the Dragon, red-figure crater, 4 th
c. BC
Amphion and Zethus
After Cadmus, his grandson Pentheus became king in Thebes
After Pentheus dies, a separate tradition reports that another son of
Cadmus, Polydorus, who marries Nycteis, daughter of Nycteus.
Antiope, the other daughter of Nycteus, is impregnated by Zeus with the
twins Amphion and Zethus. Nycteus commits suicide. The born twins are in
the care of shepherds.
Antiope’s uncle and aunt, Lycus and Dirce, in Thebes persecute Antiope
The twins avenge their mother
The twins are associated to a second foundation of Thebes; building the
walls of the city; Zethus is a cattle breeder, Amphion a lyre-player
Zethus marries Thebe
Amphion marries Niobe, daughter of Tantalus
Poydorus is the 5th child of Cadmus
Mt. cityerion
Raised in wilderness
Antiope’s relation with Aunt is important
The twins kill prince
Twins decide to buil walls around Thebes
The seven walls of thebes come towgerth because Amphion’s lyre is playing
Common to have city with women’s name
Polydorus and Nycteis had another son, Labdacus, who had a son Laius
Laius asks for asylum in Elis, Peloponnesus, and falls in love with and rapes
Chrysippus, son of Pelops. Pelops curses Laius
Laius returns to Thebes, marries Iocasta, descendent of the Sparti. Oracle
said that he would die by his own son
Iocasta gives birth to a son who is exposed to die
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