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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAA06H3
Professor
Jessica Higgins

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Ancient Mythology Lecture 2 notes
- Hercules; legend; superhuman or divine power, still human
- jack and the beanstalk; folktale; normal human beings, the person ends up learning some
sort of moral, and reversal of fortune
- god of war 2; divine myth; story of the gods, god central character
sources of myth
- oral tradition; theres going to be different branches of each myth because its word of
mouth
- literary works take their structure from these. Literary work has only one author, may
introduce variations; once a writer writes something down, to make it their own they have
to emphasize points and bring in their own morals, what points will they downplay
- archaeological record; all allow us to see what myths would have been like in cultural
context
4 examples
- judgment of paris; gods Athena Aphrodite judged by who is most beautiful judged by
prince
- Dionysus and the pirates; made of little tiny pieces of tile made into designs and pictures
- little Heracles; literary source of myth; portrait of Heracles as a little boy
development of classical myth
- myths change with times to suite the needs of the people at the time
- some features of myth took form much before the classical period, can be traced up to
100000 years ago
-> primordial past; just as the human culture was beginning to develop
- oral composition; how myth was transmitted how it might have evolved; Parry and Lord
studies; important; did work around 1920s, focused work on oral composition of Serbian folk
singers
- Mesopotamian culture flourished between rivers
the beginnings of greek myth
- many figurines found with exaggerated sexual characteristics
-> to enhance fertility
- fertility statues; catal huyuk-pg 52
www.notesolution.com
- fertility was a large concern-> health of the women and men
- another way to reconstruct myth is cultural comparisons-> compare myths of diff. indo
European people
-> biggest examples are the names of Zeus Olympian king of gods and Jupiter, roman /latin
equivalent; similar linguistic routes, route in indo European (to shine) indo Europeans
worshipped sky god
The influence of Near Eastern Myth
- non indo European routes; near eastern routes; Mesopotamia
- found in tablet- inscribed with writing called cuneiform
- some found around 1875; George smith 1872 deciphered a tablet that contained the flood
(Noah and the great flood)
- Ancient greeks; world flooded except 2 people; mirrored in the Pyrrha and Deucalion
- smith found a year after a Babylonian tablet; creation story of the Babylonians; enuma
elish
- Christian creation story borrowed from the enuma elish
greek myth in the archaic period
- write myths down; greatest body of mythology to draw from
- Homer- earliest written mythical accounts;Illiad about the Trojan war; odyssey about
odyssius and his journey through the war-> would be legends; heroes are the main
characters not the gods
-> gods metalling in the affairs of human
- dont know if Homer existed; Homeric question; constantly debated
-> made up by ancient greeks? Stories past down for a long time and finally written down in
a final version-> maybe Homer came about after the myths were written down
-> many mythologies surrounding personalities of Homer-> real poet, real person, whether
he wrote these things down or created them first
- written down around 700-600 BCE. 8th or 7th century BCE
- aoidoi; singer or poet that actually composed the music
- rhapsodes; travelling singers who went around didnt actually compose the songs
- Iliad and Odyssey long epic poems; composed in metre; about heroes
- other epic poems; hesiods theogony and works and days; dectale spectametre?; theogony ;
power of gods zeus rise to power
- works and days; written in point of view of middle class farmer
- impt literary source; Homeric hymns; not by homer- composed around the 600-500 BCE
; orally composed; also in a different style, same metre- poems addressed to and evoking
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Ancient Mythology Lecture 2 notes - Hercules; legend; superhuman or divine power, still human - jack and the beanstalk; folktale; normal human beings, the person ends up learning some sort of moral, and reversal of fortune - god of war 2; divine myth; story of the gods, god central character sources of myth - oral tradition; theres going to be different branches of each myth because its word of mouth - literary works take their structure from these. Literary work has only one author, may introduce variations; once a writer writes something down, to make it their own they have to emphasize points and bring in their own morals, what points will they downplay - archaeological record; all allow us to see what myths would have been like in cultural context 4 examples - judgment of paris; gods Athena Aphrodite judged by who is most beautiful judged by prince - Dionysus and the pirates; made of little tiny pieces of tile made into designs and pictures - little Heracles; literary source of myth; portrait of Heracles as a little boy development of classical myth - myths change with times to suite the needs of the people at the time - some features of myth took form much before the classical period, can be traced up to 100000 years ago -> primordial past; just as the human culture was beginning to develop - oral composition; how myth was transmitted how it might have evolved; Parry and Lord studies; important; did work around 1920s, focused work on oral composition of Serbian folk singers - Mesopotamian culture flourished between rivers the beginnings of greek myth - many figurines found with exaggerated sexual characteristics -> to enhance fertility - fertility statues; catal huyuk-pg 52 www.notesolution.com
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