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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Notes

2 Pages
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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAA06H3
Professor
Jessica Higgins

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Hades/dis
- Hades wasnt a place of torture; but wasnt a happy place
- death not conceived of as natural even if it was of natural causes; always sought to believe
there was a hostile force
- any god could cause death but hades that ruled the underworld; hades is called the unseen
one; also called (see slide)
-> due to connection with death and underworld he is also called the most hated of the gods
(in Iliad)
- classical period; not seen as so much a hated god; but a good prudent one; and at this time
hes called ploutos-> wife Persephone; daughter of Demeter or ares; hades abducted her and
made her his wife
- orcus; another name for hades realm in latin
underworld geography
- rivers;
Acheron; once you crossed the river you were on the side of the dead
Lethe; river that makes the dead forget their former life
Styx; gods make their odes by; water reported to bring death to every living creature
Thanatos
- greek picture of death-> anthropomorphized
- death and sleep are brothers; sleep is temporary death; death is eternal sleep
- hero sarpedin ; after he was killed death and sleep are carrying him off and god hermes
which is the leader of the soul to the dead
what happens after death?
- human beings continue to exist; body decays, soul still surviving in a kind of image or
shadow
- psyche also related to breath; we breathe while living but our last breath is our soul
coming out of our body
- once were dead were disembodied souls; disembodied souls would go to hades or would
haunt the world if their funeral rites werent done properly; they would go to the places of
their families so they could ask their families for proper burial
- Iliad; souls go straight down to the underworld; meet Cerberus; once soul gets through the
gates it has to cross the river styx if they cant its life of wandering the upperworld and not
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Description
Hadesdis - Hades wasnt a place of torture; but wasnt a happy place - death not conceived of as natural even if it was of natural causes; always sought to believe there was a hostile force - any god could cause death but hades that ruled the underworld; hades is called the unseen one; also called (see slide) -> due to connection with death and underworld he is also called the most hated of the gods (in Iliad) - classical period; not seen as so much a hated god; but a good prudent one; and at this time hes called ploutos-> wife Persephone; daughter of Demeter or ares; hades abducted her and made her his wife - orcus; another name for hades realm in latin underworld geography - rivers; Acheron; once you crossed the river you were on the side of the dead Lethe; river that makes the dead forget their former life Styx; gods make their odes by; water reported to bring death to every living creature Thanatos - greek picture of death-> anthro
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