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CLAB06H3 (26)
Lecture 2

week 2

6 Pages
180 Views

Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAB06H3
Professor
Katherine Blouin

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Chapter 16: Antecedent Control Procedures
aka antecedent manipulation- antecedent stimuli are manipulated to evoke
desirable behaviours so that they can be differentially reinforced & to decrease
undesirable behaviours that interfere w/ the desirable behaviours
Examples of Antecedent Control
Getting Marianne to study more: each step involved manipulating antecedent
to study
oFound 2 hours each day that would be best time for her to study & wrote it in
her appointment book for each day if the week -> decided to study in
library
oIdentified a friend that would study w/ her & wrote down her schedule for day
in board -> told her friends not to bother her during that time
oKept her books in her bag to study in extra time & wrote down all her tests &
assignments in a board & crossed each day of it to see how close she is
getting to tests etc.
oWrote a contract w/ her counsellor committing to study each day
Getting Cal to Eat Right did similar to example above w/ changing the
antecedent conditions that contributed to hi eating behaviour
Defining Antecedent Control Procedures
Involves manipulating some aspect of the physical or social environment to
evoke a desired response to make a competing undesirable behaviour less
likely 6 diff procedures:
Presenting the S or Cues for the Desire Behaviour
One reason that a desirable behaviour isnt occurring very often is that the S
for behaviour are not present in the persons environment
oE.g. eating healthy food is possible if its present in their environment
(kitchen) & are readily available to that person Cal stock the fridge w/
healthy food, made healthy lunch etc.
Also used stimulus prompt & response prompt to evoke behaviour- e.g. a
grocery list (stimulus prompt) & asked his friend to remind him (response
prompt) etc.
oE.g. Marianne to study more S was desk/ quite place w/ books (e.g. library)
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Prompt such as studying schedule (stimulus) , arranging w/ friend to
study (response)
Consider what circumstances/ stimulus conditions would have stimulus
control over the behaviour; thus, arranging the right condition for the
behaviour to occur : Arrange S or cues for behaviour by changing some
aspect of social or physical environment
oE.g. Tony was in anger management group for fighting lot & learned to cue
each other to walk away from conflict saying walk away now when he
looked like he was going to fight
Arranging Establishing Operations for the Desirable Behaviour
One way to increase likelihood of desirable behaviours occurrence is to
arrange an establishing operation for the outcome of that behaviour
oEstablishing operation is an environmental/ biological event that changes
value of stimulus as reinforce; thus, the behaviour that results in that
stimulus is strengthened
oE.g. Cal w/ cookbook- making it more likely that he would cook food that
tasted good & increasing reinforcing value of healthy food; thus, more likely
to eat healthful food
oE.g. Marianne w/ studying
calendar w/ test date & crossed each day as it went & seeing the test
date getting closer made studying more reinforcing- could speculate that
studying got rid of the anxiety feeling (negatively reinforced) since
feelings are private matters & not observable
contract w/ counsellor to study 2 h per day & speculate that by studying
got rid of the aversive feeling such as counsellors disapproval
(negatively reinforced)
oE.g. Matt a kid w/ mild mental retardation doesnt sleep at night properly &
engage in verbally abusive behaviour if told to do so establishing
operation: dont let him take nap at afternoon; thus, increasing the value of
sleep & going to bed at night properly
Decreasing Response Effort for the Desirable Behaviour
Another way to increase desirable behaviour is to arrange antecedent
conditions such that less effort is needed to engage in the behaviour Less
response effort needed for behaviour is more likely to occur than more
response effort
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Description
Chapter 16: Antecedent Control Procedures aka antecedent manipulation- antecedent stimuli are manipulated to evoke desirable behaviours so that they can be differentially reinforced & to decrease undesirable behaviours that interfere w the desirable behaviours Examples of Antecedent Control Getting Marianne to study more: each step involved manipulating antecedent to study oFound 2 hours each day that would be best time for her to study & wrote it in her appointment book for each day if the week -> decided to study in library oIdentified a friend that would study w her & wrote down her schedule for day in board -> told her friends not to bother her during that time oKept her books in her bag to study in extra time & wrote down all her tests & assignments in a board & crossed each day of it to see how close she is getting to tests etc. oWrote a contract w her counsellor committing to study each day Getting Cal to Eat Right did similar to example above w changing the antecedent conditions that contributed to hi eating behaviour Defining Antecedent Control Procedures Involves manipulating some aspect of the physical or social environment to evoke a desired response to make a competing undesirable behaviour less likely 6 diff procedures: Presenting the S or Cues for the Desire Behaviour One reason that a desirable behaviour isnt occurring very often is that the S for behaviour are not present in the persons environment oE.g. eating healthy food is possible if its present in their environment (kitchen) & are readily available to that person Cal stock the fridge w healthy food, made healthy lunch etc. Also used stimulus prompt & response prompt to evoke behaviour- e.g. a grocery list (stimulus prompt) & asked his friend to remind him (response prompt) etc. oE.g. Marianne to study more S was desk quite place w books (e.g. library) www.notesolution.com
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