Rome after Nero.docx

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Classical Studies
Chris Wallace

CLAA01 Nov. 29 Exam Format: Multiple Choice  Cato urged Romans the Romans to destroy which city? o a) Sparta o b) Babylon o c) Elis o d) Carthage IDs (ten names, terms, concepts – have to choose five to identify/explain and significance)  Trajan: Trajan was a Roman emperor in the early second century CE. He expanded the empire by conquering Mesopotamia and was the first emperor to have an official policy on Christianity. Essays (will have choice on essay topic)  Myth/history was used as a means of social control in the Ancient world. Agree or disagree with specific examples. Short answer  What is the most important of the Greek concept of Law? Nero Very unpopular with Senate:  No longer dressed like a Roman – dressed more like a Greek  Adopted a Greek persona  Did not like living in Rome, preferred to travel around (especially Greece – participated in Grecian cultural activities)  Set himself up as a patron of some Greek cities: weakened the strength of Rome He committed suicide and ended the Julio-Claudian dynasty CLAA01 Nov. 29 Flavian Dynasty 69 – 96 CE Vespasian 69 – 79 Trusted officer of the Julio-Claudians  Was dispatched by Nero to stop Jewish revolt in Judea; was supposed to lead the Syrian legion, who then declared him as their emperor Did not let his position go to his head  Did not really want to be emperor 69, four men were competing to become emperor – Vespasian won  Had support of the Syrian legion and the Roman legion in charge of Egypt Nero had bankrupted Rome. Vespasian reinstated taxes in order to bring back money to the treasury.  Restored treasury  Had enough funds to start building the Flavian Amphitheatre (Colosseum) Titus 79 – 81 Son of Vespasian; had been used as his father’s ‘hatchet man’: Titus had been the one to give out harsh punishment so that Vespasian wouldn’t have to. This way Vespasian kept his well-loved image. Was extremely well liked by the Romans. Mt. Vesuvius: 71  Organized housing, relief work for the survivors – showed compassion Colosseum: 80  Was also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre  Symbol of Roman Architechture  Was opened with games that lasted for 100 years o Martial wrote of games that seemed similar, celebrated in the Flavian dynasty, but it might not be. Martial  Roman poet during the time of the Flavian dynasty CLAA01 Nov. 29  Was not exactly pleasant  Liber De Spectaculis 12 o Talking about the sow that died and her baby that was born from it  Liber De Spectaculis 7 o Laureolus was eaten to a Caledonian boar. As a punishment for some crime.  Liber De Spectaculis 20 o Discussion of a gladiator fight – was a way for an average Roman to have his voice heard by the emperor, in regards to gladiators, matches, political problems Cicero also wrote about games like this, celebrated during the time of Pompey – were considered too violent for Roman society (according to Cicero, at least) Domitian: 81 – 96 Younger brother of Titus and son of Vespasian  Domitian had always been out of political life due to brother and father  Came to the throne with little political knowledge Was disliked by Senate  Very introverted  Forced everyone to refer to him as Dominus et Deus (master and god) o Seemed like everyone else was supposed to be a slave/underling to him Was assassinated; Senate then eliminated his memory The Five Good Emperors 96 – 180 Nerva 96 – 98 Was very old when became emperor, had been very popular under the Flavians and Nero  Was liked for being a lawyer and a writer of erotic poetry There had been a civil war under Nerva but Roman historians ignored this one (maybe because they liked Trajan so much) Trajan 98 – 117 Had been adopted by Nerva – starts a tradition of no biological son succeeding the throne, was given to an adopted/chosen son. CLAA01 Nov. 29 Led campaigns:  106 CE – Annexed Dacia  107 CE – Annexed Nabataean Arabia o Had ignored Roman culture o Had defeated of Alexander the Great o Had become an enemy of Rome  113 – 117 CE – Annexation of Mesopotamia and Armenia Died before making it back to Rome Hadrian 117 – 138 Adopted son of Trajan Was unpopular because he was the opposite of Trajan  Trajan had been a solider, expanding territory. Hadrian wanted to secure Rome’s borders and strengthen its political and economical aspects Built Hadrian’s War  Separated England and Scotland  This wall wasn’t his only wall: he built walls to actually define the borders of Rome, which was the first time this had ever been done  Released Mesopotamia and Armenia Antinous  Had been the boy companion of Hadrian  On his death, Hadrian had him deified o He is statue that exist the most, out of all Greek/Roman gods Antonius Pius 138 – 161 Successor of Hadrian, adopted son Marcus Aurelius 161 – 18 Had been a dual ruler with Antonius Pius’ biological son – however the biological son died before Marcus Aurelius Breaks tradition: giv
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