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Lecture 4

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Classical Studies
Chris Wallace

Lecture 4 ( Lecture 3 on paper) Archaic Greece ( ca. 800-490 BCE)  The dark age ( ca. 1200-800bce)  The eight Centrury Renaissance  The Rise of the Polis  Basileus Demos/ Ekklesia ; boule Gerousia  Sparrta ; Lycurgas(fl. 750)  Imagined communities  Alphabetic writing  Lyric poetry  The seal of Theognis  Lyric poetry; symposium  Firural Art o Orientalising phase ( ca. 650- 550) o Kouros Kore o Phrasiklea  Neo Assyrian Empire: Ca. 900-609 BCE o Assumaspiral : 883-839 o Tiglath- Pileser III: 745- 727 Greek Dark Age  Palaces destroyed and not rebuilt population declines  Loss of lietacy : Linear B. not popular, strival language, read special( select few)specialize in it , loss it ..illiturte  Loss of figural art: o Draw animals, humans, then switches to geometric shapes  Political fragmentation: o Wanax, besileus : lord of kings,  Besileus: local shepard..highest politacl authority.. kept from mycanean .. hierarchy but improved o Loss of trade routes: o End of bronze age beginning of iron age  Greek Chronology  Stone age? –ca. 3000  Eearly bronze age ca. 3000-2100 (house of tiles, Cycladides)  Middle bronze 2100-2400 ( Minoan palaces)  Late Bronze age ca. 1400-1200 Myceneans on Crete  Iron age ( ca. 1200- now)  Dark Age ca. 1200-800(?)  Archaic period Ca. 800-490 BCE  Classical period 490-323 BCe  Hellenistic period ca. 323-31 Bce The Polis  Wide variety of meaings o We say city state o Greek: 1) city ( house, wall, temples, court houses) physical instillations o 2) city + city and outlying territory (chora) o 3) constitution/ government / institutions o 4) citizens, esp. citizen-soldiers  Important features in a polis o Nomos( law/custom) o Citizen participation  Male only , free only, landowning, military service o Three Branches of Government o Magistrates (excecutive)  Powers and terms limited by law (Dreros) o Council (boule, gerousia) o Deliberative bodies, usually older men o Assembly ( demos,ekklesia): Demos the people,
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