Greek and Roman Mythology
Tuesday, January 7 , 2014
Article reviews (20%), midterm (25%), Final Exam (35%)
• Greek etymology for mythology: Mouthas means strong speach
(story) Lagas means reasonable speech, both Latin words
essentially mean speach.
• Mythology is a story passed down orally through the generations of
collective social importance.
• An example of a Greek god that has no personality traits or
attributes aside from her given use is the Goddess Nemesis, only
used for vengeance. All the main characters in the mythological
stories are divine humans only play minor roles.
• Mythology can be a religious practice or have social implications.
• Places such as Mount Olympus, or the area off the coast of Sicily
where the Cyclops Typhoeus was imprisoned under a volcano.
Sometimes principle actors are humans with divine ancestry, a demi-
god did not possess immortality only something special to distinct
them from others (super strength etc.)
• Troy actually did exist and was destroyed; archaeologists found
remnants of the city exactly where it was rumored to be.
Folktale: humans are the principle actors but they can also entail animals
with human features. There are different types of Folktales such as;
Cinderella, Snow White (brother’s Grimm)
Folktale motifs can also be a diverse factor in the categorization of the
The quest: magical object▯ hero▯ reward (riches, marriage, title)
Studied the morphology of the folktale, studied folktale, same order, all the
same type of myth.
Strauss said that there are multiple accounts of the same story; society
needs to look at the myth.
Myth takes form of identific