Class Notes (806,741)
Canada (492,424)
CLAA06H3 (154)

Female deities.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Classical Studies
Vichi Ciocani

Female deities and Dionysus Artemis: - Greeks were obsessed with the idea of virgin goddesses o Originally a fertile deity - Often represented with wild animals  lives in mountains in the wild o Similar to Cybele (Phrygian mother goddess) - Virgin goddess and huntress - Has a dedicated city = Ephesus “I sing the praises of Artemis, lady of golden-tipped arrows, Her of the loud-ringing cry, virgin whom all men revere, Slayer of stags, the goddess whose greatest joy is in hunting, Sister of Phoebus Apollo, him of the golden sword.” - Homeric hymn to Artemis - Portrayed as a virgin and a slayer - Often showed as enjoying her wildness o Hunting animals  enjoyment “The earth and the fish-laden ocean tremble in fear at her coming. She roves over all, fearless-hearted, slaying all races of creatures. But when the huntress, delighter in arrows, has sated her longing, Rejoicing in heart, she loosens the string of her well-curved bow and returns to the mighty palace of Phoebus Apollo, her brother, In the fertile country of Delphi, to join with the Muses and Graces In treading the maze of the dance. She hangs up curved bow and arrows To lead off the chorus, decking her body with loveliest raiment, With heavenly voices they carol, how Leto of beautiful ankles Bore her children…” - Sing poetry in Delphi about themselves (Apollo and Artemis) and about their mother Leto - Artemis is sexualized through portrayal as a virgin Niobe’s myth: “At dawn, old sir, arise and take your son’s body home. But now we need some refreshment, as fair-haired Niobe did, Who had seen her children butchered before her, watching in horror, Twelve of them, six fair maidens, and with them six handsome sons. The sons were shot by Apollo with shafts of the silver bow, While Artemis, lover of arrows, brought down all Niobe’s daughters, Angered at Niobe’s folly- comparing her children to Leto’s. ‘She has born only two,’ said she, ‘but I have born a great many.’ …. Even now on a cliff in Sipylus, haunted by eagles, Poor Niobe, turned into stone, broods over the miserable fate Assigned her by the immortals.” - Homer’s Iliad - Niobe has 12 children  dares to say that she is happier than Leto o 6 boys and 6 girls - Artemis and Apollo kills her children Artemis and giant Orion: - Orion was Poseidon's son o Hunter and cultivator o Gave Orion power to walk on water - Worshiped Artemis - Courting the daughter of Oneopion (king of the island of Chios) o Because the father refused their marriage = raped the daughter - Oneopion blinds Orion o He travels to the eastern horizon  to be cured - Has a sexual relationship with Eos - Artemis wants her devotees to be pure (sexually) - Artemis kills him  scorpion on head o Orion is changed into constellation opposite to scorpion Artemis and Actaeon: - Actaeon of Thebes - Either wanted to marry his aunt Semele (mother of Dionysus) or saw Artemis bathing naked (Ovid, Metamorphoses) - Turned into a stag and eaten by his dogs - Compared with the myth of Hippolytus o He is the most famous devotee of Artemis o Hippolytus --> hero who fell in love with Artemis o Punished by Aphrodite for ignoring her Athena and Hestia  Protectress of fortified Athenian hill names acropolis --> temple Parthenon  Gave Athens: o Owl and olive tree (symbols of the goddess)  Protectress of cities, city crafts, women's weaving, carpentry o Important to city life o Weaving is important --> women are portrayed with clothes  Nudity is seen as body violation  Aegis --> relation with giant Pallas o Involved in Gigantomachy  Defensive, strategic, reason/versus Ares  Watches over most important greek Heroes: o Perseus, heracles, Jason, Odysseus  Panahenaea --> annual festival in Athens --> youths wearing new rove for statue of Athena Athena and arachne: - Ovid, Metamorphoses - Mortal Arachne claims to be equal at weaving to Athena - Have a contest o Arachne depicts god’s sexual affairs o Athena depicts her contest with Poseidon and mortals being punished for challenging the gods - Athena destroys Arachne’s tapestry o Arachne hangs herself with it - Athena changes Arachne into a spider o Arachne = arachnid (spider) Hestia: - Centre of household o Connected to women - Always virgin  never left Olympus - Important in rome  underlying flame in Vesta’s shrine o Watched by 6 virgins Demeter - Roman name = Ceres - Wheat goddess - Protects agriculture - Mother-goddess in origin - Closely associated with Persephone - abduction of her daughter persephone (homeric hymn to Demeter) o Demeter's distress and wanderings o Searching for her daughter o Persephone was going out to pick up flowers (narcissius??) --> she is abducted by Hades  Common theme of picking flowers and getting abducted o Helius tells Demeter that Hades abducted her  She asks Zeus to get her daughter back  Zeus agreed to the kidnapping o Zeus said that she may be able to get Persephone back if she didn’t eat the pomengranate  She does o Demeter requests the ability to spend ½ the year in the upper world and then ½ in
More Less

Related notes for CLAA06H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.