Class Notes (836,562)
Canada (509,854)
CLAB06H3 (26)
Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - CLAB06H3.docx

8 Pages
97 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAB06H3
Professor
Katherine Blouin
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 10 CLAB06H3 Tuesday, March 12, 2013 The Julio-Claudians and the Flavians (14-96 AD) From Octavian to August (30BC-14AD) A) Octavian and the Republic - Basis of Octavian’s strategy to exert + keep power = Use of traditional Republican Institutions o X dynastic or divinely-based power o X military based power  From republic to Principate The First Years - 30; Still rules as triumvir - 31-23: Consul every year - 28: Agrippa and him coequal consuls - Jan. 27: Hands back all his authority to the Roman people but… The First Settlement (27 BC) - Octavian: o Consul of Spain, Gaul, Cilicia, Cyrus, Syria, Egypt for 10 years  Legati  Most strategic and wealthy provinces/cities o Named Augustus, “revered”  Restoration of the Republic + Octavian-Augustus turns away from his violent past The Second Settlement (23 BC) - Augustus resigns consulship but - Keeps o Provinces o Imperium - Gains o Imperium maius o Tribunicia potestas Other “Honors” - 19: Consul insigna - 12: Pontifex maximus - 2: Pater patriae How did Augustus retain effective power? - Through his influence Senate: More exclusive - From 1,000 to 600 members (Sulla) - Entry condition: Quaestor New offices - 5 BC: Consulship = 6 months = Suffect consuls - 2 BC: Praetorian cohorts (supervised by 2 equestrian prefects) - 6 AD: Vigiles (3,500, freedman status) - 7-8 AD: Annona prefecture (5-6 AD = famines) - 13 AD: Urban cohorts B) Military Reforms - Size (Expenses) o At least 300,000 men discharged o Land and $ for veterans - Control + allegiance o Almost all in imperial provinces o Rise of centurions’ pay o Oath in the name of Augustus + his family C) Provincial + Foreign Policy - Doubled Empire’s size: o Egypt o Whole Iberian peninsula o Up to the Rhine (Raetia, Noricum, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Moesia) o All the Alps o Galatia o Judaea - Diplomatic relationships with Portia Augustean Empire - Reached natural boundaries Augustean Empire - 2 types of provinces o Senatorial o Imperial Senatorial provinces - Stable ones - Not a lot of soldiers - Governed by proconsuls o Former consuls or praetors  Ex: Africa, Bithynia and Pontus, Macedonia  Governed by personal legati of the emperor - 6 AD: Aerarium militare = fund for veterans o Tax on inheritance + sales - 13 AD: Professionalization of the army o Volunteer citizens o Military service = 20 years and + o Bounty: $, land C) Urbanism – 3 new aqueducts – Senate house – New forum + temple to Mars Avenger – Extensive development of the Campus Martius – Augustus’ mausoleum + Ara pacis Which one of the following was not an aim of Augustus’ urban projects? - To glorify the Senate o Only one ruler D) Literature - Literary boom: o Patronage o Biased o Model = Greece E) Culture - Augustus’ Res gestae o For admiration o Self-representation = restraint, responsibility, honor, pacifier The Julio-Claudians and the Flavians (14-96 AD) - 3 main groups: o Julio-Claudians (27 BC-68 AD) o Military (68-69 AD) o Flavians (69-96 AD) A) The Ideology of Power “Beneficial Ideology” What does it mean? Conscious magnanimity: - Legislations to the disadvantaged - Public buildings and spaces - Cheap food (annona, alimenta) - Lavish entertainment - Fiscal privileges to certain communities - Encouragement of provincial equites + senators o The emperor gives thus he is good panem et circenses (Juvenal 10.80) The Exercise of Power - Varied greatly from an emperor to another - Literary sources = partial and biased o Inscriptions + papyri = “objective” point of view - Important elements: o Despotic and erratic emperors were eliminated (Caligula, Nero, Domitian) - Institutionalization of the Principate o 69-70 AD: Lex de imperio Vespasiani (powers + prerogatives of the Princeps) o Title Imperator - 1 Italian (non Roman) emperors: Flavians B) The Imperial Culture - Religious + societal phenomenon - Unifying
More Less

Related notes for CLAB06H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit