Class Notes (923,841)
CA (543,275)
UTSC (33,027)
EESA06H3 (610)
Nick Eyles (539)
Lecture 8

Lecture 8- thorough lecture notes

2 Pages
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Department
Environmental Science
Course Code
EESA06H3
Professor
Nick Eyles

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WĂĐŝĨŝĐďĞůŽǁWŚŝůŝƉƉŝŶĞďŽƚŚďĞŶĞĂƚŚ:ĂƉĂŶĞƐĞŵĂŝŶůĂŶĚ
ϴϬŬŵŽĨĨƐŚŽƌĞĞƉŝĐĞŶƚƌĞ
tĂǀĞŚĞŝŐŚƚŽƵƚŝŶƚŽƉĂĐŝĨŝĐǁĂƐƋƵŝƚĞůŽǁ
DŽǀĞĚϮϱŵĞƚƌĞƐƚŚĞŽĨĨƐŚŽƌĞĂƌĞĂ
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ŵŽǀĞĚĞĂƐƚ
^ƚŽƌĞĚƵƉĞŶĞƌŐLJŝŶůŽĐŬĞĚƉůĂƚĞƐŵŽǀĞŵĞŶƚŽĨϮϱŵƐƚŽƌĞĚƵƉϭϬϬϬLJĞĂƌƐŽĨĞŶĞƌŐLJͲƐŚŽƵůĚŵŽǀĞϮ͘ϱĐŵĂLJĞĂƌ
^ƚŝůůƐŽŵĞƚŚŝŶŐĐŽƵůĚŚĂƉƉĞŶƐŽƵƚŚŽƌŶŽƌƚŚ
KŶůLJŽŶŽŶĞƉĂƌƚŽĨƐƵďĚƵĐƚŝŽŶnjŽŶĞĚŝĚƐƚƌĞƐƐƌĞůĞĂƐĞ
dŽŬLJŽǁŚĞƌĞƉĂĐŝĨŝĐŐŽŝŶŐƵŶĚĞƌWŚŝůŝƉƉŝŶĞ
hƉůŝĨƚŵĂƉ
ŽĨĨƐŚŽƌĞǁĞŶƚƵƉĐŽĂƐƚůŝŶĞǁĞŶƚĚŽǁŶŵĞĂŶŝŶŐŽĐĞĂŶĨŽƌŵĞĚƐůŽƉĞƚŽǁĂƌĚ:ĂƉĂŶƐĞŶĚŝŶŐůŽƚƐŽĨǁĂƚĞƌƚŽŝƚ
Ͳ
ƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞƐĞǀĞƌĞƚƐƵŶĂŵŝƚŽƚŚĞĞĂƐƚ
ĂƌƚŚƋƵĂŬĞŝŶ:ĂƉĂŶ
-
'ĞŽůŽŐŝĐƚŝŵĞĂŶĚ^ƚƌĂƚŝŐƌĂƉŚLJ
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ĂŶůŽŽŬĂƚƌĞĐŽƌĚŽĨĞĂƌƚŚƋƵĂŬĞƐŝŶƌŽĐŬƐĂŶĚƉƵƚĂŶƵŵďĞƌŽŶƚŚĂƚ
ZĞĐŽŶƐƚƌƵĐƚƉĂƐƚĞǀĞŶƚƐ
^ƚƌĂƚĂ
Ͳ
ůĂLJĞƌ
^ƚƌĂƚŝŐƌĂƉŚLJͲĂƌƌĂŶŐŝŶŐƌŽĐŬƐďLJƌĞůĂƚŝǀĞĂŐĞ
-
ǁĚŝĚǁĞĨŝŶĚƚŚĞĂŐĞŽĨƚŚĞĞĂƌƚŚ
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ĂŶƚĂůǁĂLJƐĂďƐŽůƵƚĞĚĂƚĞƌŽĐŬƐƐŽŵĞƚŝŵĞƐůĞĨƚǁŝƚŚƌĞůĂƚŝǀĞ
-
ŽŶƚŚĂǀĞƚŽƌĞŵĞŵďĞƌŶĂŵĞƐŽĨƚŝŵĞƐĐĂůĞƐďƵƚŬŶŽǁǁŚĂƚŝƚŝƐ
-
hƉůŝĨƚĂƐĂƌĞƐƵůƚŽĨƐƵďĚƵĐƚŝŽŶ
Ͳ
ǁĞĚŐĞĨŽƌĐŝŶŐůĂŶĚƵƉ
-
>ĂLJĞƌƐĂƌĞŶŽƚĂůǁĂLJƐƌŝŐŚƚǁĂLJƵƉĚƵĞƚŽƉůĂƚĞƚĞĐƚŽŶŝĐƐͲƵƐƵĂůůLJŽůĚĞƐƚĂƚďŽƚƚŽŵŶŽƚĂůǁĂLJƐ
-
WĂůĞŽŐĞŽŐƌĂƉŚLJ
Ͳ
ǁŚĂƚǁŽƌůĚůŽŽŬĞĚůŝŬĞŝŶƚŚĞƉĂƐƚ
ĂĐŚůĂLJĞƌŵŝŐŚƚŚĂǀĞĚŝƐƚŝŶĐƚĨŽƐƐŝůƚLJƉĞ
Ͳ
ĐĂŶƵƐĞĚƚLJƉĞƚŽĐŽƌƌĞůĂƚĞƚŽĨŝŶĚŽƵƚĂŶĐŝĞŶƚĞŶǀŝƌŽŶŵĞŶƚƐ
-
tĂƐƚŚĞŶƚŚŽƵŐŚƚĞĂƌƚŚǁĂƐĐƌĞĂƚĞĚĂƐǁĞƐĞĞŝƚƚŽĚĂLJ
ŝǀƵůŝĂŵ
ŽĨĂĨůŽŽĚ
Ͳ
ƌŽĐŬƐǁĞƌĞƌĞŐĂƌĚĞĚĂƐƚŚĞƐĞ
Ͳ
ĂƐƐƵŵƉƚŝŽŶƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞƉůĂĐĞĚďLJŶŽĂŚƐĨůŽŽĚ
Ͳ
ĐƌĞĂƚŝŽŶŝƐƚǀŝĞǁŽĨĞĂƌƚŚŚŝƐƚŽƌLJ
ĂƐƚĞƌŶĐĂŶĂĚĂͲĚĞĨŽƌŵĞĚǁŚĞŶƉĂŶŐĞĂǁĂƐĐŽŵŝŶŐƚŽŐĞƚŚĞƌͲďƵĐŬůĞĚƌŽĐŬƐŝŶĞĂƐƚĞƌŶĐŽĂƐƚ
-
ƌĐŚďŝƐŚŽƉhƐƐŚĞƌ
Ͳ
ǁĂŶƚĞĚƚŽƵƐĞďŝďůĞƚŽŐĞƚƐŽŵĞŝĚĞĂŽĨƚŚĞĂŐĞŽĨƚŚĞĞĂƌƚŚ
Ͳ
ĚĞĐĂƌĞĚϲϬϬϬLJĞĂƌƐŽůĚĂĐĐŽƌĚŝŶŐƚŽŚŝŵ͕ŶŽƚŝŽŶƐƚŽŽĚĨŽƌĂůŽŶŐƚŝŵĞLJŽƵŶŐĞĂƌƚŚ
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dŚĞŶƉĞŽƉůĞƐƚĂƌƚĞĚŵŝŶŝŶŐĂŶĚĚŝŐŐŝŶŐƚƵŶŶĞůƐĂŶĚŶŽƚŝĐĞĚƚŚĂƚƚŚĞƌĞǁĞƌĞĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚƐƚƌĂƚĂ
Ͳ
ǁĂƐĂƚƐĂŵĞƚŝŵĞĚĞƉŽƐŝƚĞĚŽƌĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚƚŝŵĞƐ
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ZĞĂůŝnjĞĚĨŽƐƐŝůƐĂƌĞƉƌĞƐĞƌǀĞĚƌĞŵĂŝŶƐŽĨĂŶĐŝĞŶƚŽƌŐĂŶŝƐŵƐ
dƌĂŶƐůĂƚĞĚďLJƉƌĞƐŝĚĞŶƚŽǀĞƌǁĂƐĂŵŝŶŝŶŐĞŶŐŝŶĞĞƌ
Ͳ
ŚŽŽǀĞƌĚĂŵŝŶϯϬΖĚƚŽƐƚŝŵƵůĂƚĞĞĐŽŶŽŵLJŽĨĚĞƐƐĞƌƚ
'ĞŽƌŝŐƵŝƐƌŐŝĐŽůĂͲĨĂƚŚĞƌŽĨŵŝŶŝŶŐŐĞŽůŽŐLJͲǁƌŽƚĞĨĂŵŽƵƐŬͲϭϱϱϲͲĞZĞDĞƚĂůůŝĐĂĚŝĂŐƌĂŵƐŽĨƌŽĐŬŽƵƚĐƌŽƉƐŚŽǁƚŽďƵŝůĚŵŝŶĞƐĞƚĐ
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EŝĐŚŽůĂƐ^ƚĞŶŽ
Ͳ
ĚŽĐƚŽƌŵĂĚĞƐƚĂƚĞŵĞŶƚ
Ͳ
ŵŽƵŶƚĂŝŶƐĐĂŶďĞƌĂŝƐĞĚĂŶĚůŽǁĞƌĞĚůĂŶĚĐĂŶďĞĐŽŶǀĞLJĞĚĨƌŽŵŽŶĞƉůĂĐĞƚŽĂŶŽƚŚĞƌ
Ͳ
ĨĂƚŚĞƌŽĨƐƚƌĂƚŝŐƌĂƉŚLJ
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&ĂĐƚŽƌŝĞƐ
Ͳ
ĐŽĂůǀĞƌLJŝŵƉŽƌƚĂŶƚĨŽƌƐƚĞĂŵĞŶŐŝŶĞƐ
Ͳ
ŵĂŬŝŶŐƐƚĞĞůĐĂƐƚŝƌŽŶŶĞĞĚƌĞƐŽƵƌĐĞƐ
Ͳ
ŶĞĞĚƚŽĨŝŶĚŝƚŚŽǁŵƵĐŚĂŶĚŐĞƚŝƚŽƵƚŽĨƚŚĞŐƌŽƵŶĚĂŶĚƚƌĂŶƐƉŽƌƚŝƚ
^ƚĂƌƚĞĚŵĂƉƉŝŶŐĐŽĂůŽŝůƐŚĂůĞ
ƌĂLJŐůĞĂƚŚ
KŶƚĂƌŝŽŵŝĚϭϵƚŚĐĞŶƚƵƌLJďƵƌŶƚŽŝůƐŚĂůĞƌŽĐŬƚŽŐĞƚŽŝů
Ͳ
ĚĂŶŐĞƌŽƵƐ
hƐĞĚĐĂŶĂůƐƚŽŵŽǀĞƚŚŝŶŐƐ
dŚĞŶƚŚĞŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂůƌĞǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶͲŵŽƌĞƌĂƚŝŽŶĂůǀŝĞǁŽĨƚŚĞǁŽƌůĚͲƵŶĞŶĐƵŵďĞƌĞĚďLJďŝďůŝĐĂůŝŶƚĞƌƉƌĞƚĂƚŝŽŶƐ
-
:ŽƐĞƉŚůĂĐŬͲ^ĐŽƚƚŝƐŚƉŚLJƐŝĐŝĂŶĂŶĚĐŚĞŵŝƐƚͲƉŝŽŶĞĞƌŽĨŵŽĚĞƌŶĐŚĞŵŝƐƚƌLJ
:ĂŵĞƐƚƚŽŶ
Ͳ
ǁĂƐĂĨĂƌŵĞƌ
Ͳ
ŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚĞĚŝŶƐŽŝů͕ŚŽǁŝƚĨŽƌŵĞĚ
Ͳ
ĨĂƚŚĞƌŽĨŵŽĚĞƌŶĚĂLJŐĞŽůŽŐLJ
ĚĂŵ^ŵŝƚŚ
Ͳ
ĨŽƵŶĚĞƌŽĨŵŽĚĞƌŶĚĂLJĞĐŽŶŽŵŝĐƐ
Ͳ
ǁĞĂůƚŚŽĨŶĂƚŝŽŶƐĨƌĞĞƚƌĂĚĞ
:ĂŵĞƐtĂƚƚ
ĚĞǀĞůŽƉĞĚƚŚĞƐƚĞĂŵĞŶŐŝŶĞ
tĂůƚĞƌ^ĐŽƚƚ
Ͳ
ǁĂƐĂǁƌŝƚĞƌ
Ͳ
ƵƐĞĚƚŽǁƌŝƚĞĂďŽƵƚ^ĐŽƚůĂŶĚ
Ͳ
ŚŝƐǁŽƌŬĨŽƌŵĞĚďĂƐŝƐĨŽƌŵĂŶLJůůLJǁŽŽĚŵŽǀŝĞƐ
YƵŽƚĞ
Ͳ
ĐŽŶĐĞŶƚƌĂƚŝŽŶŽĨŝŶƚĞůůĞĐƚƵĂůƐŝŶĚŝŶďƵƌŐŚƚŚĂƚŝŶĨůƵĞŶĐĞŵĞƌŝĐĂŶƌĞǀŽůƵƚŝŽŶ
Ͳ
ďĂƐĞĚŽŶƐĐŝĞŶĐĞŵŽƌĞŝŶƚĞůůĞĐƚƵĂů
dŚĞ^ĐŽƚƚŝƐŚĞŶůŝŐŚƚĞŶŵĞŶƚ
-
<ŶŽǁŶĨŽƌƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjŝŶŐƵŶĐŽŶĨŽƌŵŝƚŝĞƐ
hŶŝĨŽƌŵŝƚĂƌŝĂŶŝƐŵ
Ͳ
ƚŚĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚŝƐŬĞLJƚŽƚŚĞƉĂƐƚ
ƚƚŚŝƐƚŝŵĞďĞůŝĞǀĞĚƚŚĞƌĞƐƵůƚŽĨĞǀĞƌLJƚŚŝŶŐŝƐƌĞƐƵůƚŽĨĨůŽŽĚƐ
Ͳ
ĚŝǀƵůŝĂŝƐŵ
ďƌĂŚĂŵsĞƌŶĞƌ
Ͳ
ƐƉŽŬĞƐƉĞƌƐŽŶĨŽƌĚŝǀƵůŝĂŝƐŵ
ƚƚŽŶ
ŶŽƚŝĐĞĚůĂLJĞƌƐŽĨƌŽĐŬƐĂŶĚƐŚŽǁĞĚĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚůĂLJĞƌƐĨƌŽŵĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚƚŝŵĞƐĂŶĚƐŚŽǁĞĚƚŚĞƌĞǁĞƌĞƉĞƌŝŽĚƐŽĨĞƌŽƐŝŽŶ
hŶĐŽŶĨŽƌŵŝƚŝĞƐͲďƌĞĂŬƐŝŶƌŽĐŬƌĞĐŽƌĚͲŐĂƉƐŝŶƚŚĞŐĞŽůŽŐŝĐƌĞĐŽƌĚͲĂƌĞĂƌĞĐŽƌĚƚŚĞŵƐĞůǀĞƐŽĨĂŶĐŝĞŶƚŐĞŽůŽŐŝĐƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ
ůƐŽŬŶŽǁŶĂƐĂĐƚƵĂůŝƐŵ
^ĂŝĚǁŚĂƚLJŽƵƐĞĞŝŶƚĞƌŵƐŽĨŐĞŽůŽŐŝĐĂůƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐƚŽĚĂLJĐĂŶƚĞůůƵƐĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƉĂƐƚͲĞdžǀŽůĐĂŶŽĞƐ͕ĞĂƌƚŚƋƵĂŬĞƐ͕ĞƚĐ͘hŶŝĨŽƌŵŝƚĂƌŝĂŶŝƐŵŽƌĂĐƚƵĂůŝƐŵ
ĂŵĞƵƉǁŝƚŚƚĞƌŵ&ĂĐŝĞƐ
Ͳ
ŵĞĂŶƐĂƉƉĞĂƌĂŶĐĞŽĨ
>ŽŽŬĞĚĂƚƌŽĐŬƐŝŶŵŽƌĞĚĞƚĂŝůƌĞĂůŝnjŝŶŐƚŚĞLJǁĞƌĞĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚĂŶĚƐĂŝĚǁĞŚĂǀĞĚŝĨĨĞƌĞŶƚƌŽĐŬĨĂĐŝĞƐ
:ĂŵĞƐƚƚŽŶͲŵĂũŽƌĐŽŶĐĞƉƚƐƚŚĂƚƵŶĚĞƌƉŝŶŽƵƌƵŶĚĞƌƐƚĂŶĚŝŶŐŽĨƚŚĞĞĂƌƚŚ
-
/ŐŶĞŽƵƐŝŶƚƌƵƐŝŽŶͲƐŝůů
ƌĞǁĞƌĞŚĞĨŝƌƐƚƌĞĐŽŐŶŝnjĞĚƌŽĐŬƐǁĞƌĞĨŽƌŵĞĚŝŶĂŵŽůƚĞŶƐƚĂƚĞ
Ͳ
ŝŐŶĞŽƵƐƌŽĐŬƐ
dŚŝƐĐŽŶƚƌĂĚŝĐƚĞĚĚŝǀƵůŝĂƐŵ
ƚƚŽŶƵƐĞĚƚŽŐŽĨŽƌǁĂůŬƐƵƉĂƌƚŚƵƌƐƐĞĂƚ
ĂŶƐĞĞůĂLJĞƌƐŽĨƐĞĚŝŵĞŶƚĂƌLJƌŽĐŬƐƚŚĂƚŚĂƐďĞĞŶŝŶƚƌƵĚĞĚďLJŽǀĞƌůĂLJŝŶŐŝŐŶĞŽƵƐƌŽĐŬ
<ĞLJƉůĂĐĞǁĞƌĞƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐƚĂŬĞŶƚŽƐŚŽǁĞǀŝĚĞŶĐĞŽĨƐĞĚŝŵĞŶƚĂƌLJĂŶĚŝŐŶĞŽƵƐƌŽĐŬ
ĚŝŶďƵƌŐŚ
ƌƚŚƵƌƐƐĞĂƚ
Ͳ
ŚĂƐĂĚŝƐƚŝŶĐƚŝǀĞƐŚĂƉĞ
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hƐĞĚƚŽǁĂůŬŽŶĐŽĂƐƚĂŶĚƚĂŬĞďŽĂƚ
ZŽĐŬƐǁĞƌĞŚŽƌŝnjŽŶƚĂůŶŽǁǀĞƌƚŝĐĂů
KƚŚĞƌůĂLJĞƌƐĂƌĞŐĞŶƚůLJĚŝƉƉŝŶŐŽŶƚŽƉ
sĞƌƚŝĐĂůůĂLJĞƌƐƵŶĚĞƌŶĞĂƚŚ
hŶĐŽŶĨŽƌŵŝƚLJ
Ͳ
ƐƵƌĨĂĐĞƚŚĂƚƐĞƉĂƌĂƚĞƐƚŚĞƚǁŽůĂLJĞƌƐ
ĂƌƚŚŚĂƐŚŝƐƚŽƌLJŶŽƚĨŽƌŵĞĚŝŶŽŶĞŵŽŵĞŶƚ
ǀŝĚĞŶĐĞŽĨŚƵƚƚŽŶƐƵŶĐŽŶĨŽƌŵŝƚLJ
ŽĂƐƚƐŽƵƚŚŽĨĚŝŶďƵƌŐŚ
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