EESA10H3 Lecture Notes - Environmental Health, Sandra Steingraber, Diarrhea
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Environmental Science Lecture 1
Assignments should be put in the boxes of SW-223. Each TA will put the name and course code. We
should put the assignments in our TA’s boxes.
Exam format: Mcq’s (4-5 options) and T-f questions
What is environmental health?
According to the WHO: “In its broadest sense, environmental health comprises those aspects of human
health, disease and injuries that are determined or influenced by factors in the environment.
This includes the study of both the direct pathological effects of various:
•social environment (housing, urban development, land use and transportation)”
Environment is everything that affects a living organism:
Effect of environment on human health is so great
•Manmade environment (factories, sewage, swamp, industry etc)
•Human population and consumption
•Human alteration of Earth is substantial and growing: In a couple of decades the population
would exceed the limit. Resources will become scarce.
•Protecting the environment has been a mainstay of public health practices since 1878.
Environmental factors responsible for 25 % of all preventable diseases
•Diarrhea and respiratory infections heading in the list
•Rich & poor
•Scientist used to compare African Americans & Hispanic & Whites and see the quality of their
lives and number of cases related with the environmental issues. Health problems. Whites have
better quality of lives and less exposed to the environmental and pollution.
•Developed & developing countries
Types of hazard
•Chemical hazards (chemicals in air, water, soil and food)
•Biological hazards (bacteria, viruses, parasites, allergens, animals such as bees and poisonous
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