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Lecture

January 11, 2011


Department
English
Course Code
ENGB04H3
Professor
Kortenaar

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ENGB04 Critical Thinking about Poetry Neil ten Kortenaar
Jan 11, 2011 Lecture notes
How do we know its a poem?
No right justification
Internal logic distinct from size of page/font
Poems have
Lines, distinct from sentences
Poem? (not a series of dotjots)
Syntax [grammatical sentences]
Has lines + sentences
Line depends on
Breath
Rhythm [a regular number of beats]
Looks of a poem determines
How it sounds
Prose
Sentences
Ordered in paragraphs
Meaning determines form
Poetry
Sentences + lines
Ordered in stanzas
How something is said is part of meaning
Poetry draws attention to words as words
Sound of words
Rhythm
Rhyme
Repetition
Appearance of words
Regular line lengths
Pattern + order
Lyric poetry
Expression of emotion/understanding
Usually captures moment/state of being
Short
Beautiful
Personal [Speaker: Voice + Tone]
Private [Speaker: Voice + Tone]
Other kinds of poetry
Narrative [tells story]
Satire
Ode [praise]
How to read
Aloud
Twice [determine subject, appreciate fitting of lines]
Song lyrics not poetry
Excessive repetition of same words
No syntactical logic/argument
No change/development
No tension between meaning + form
Beats fall on insignificant words
Syllables drawn out over several beats
Music rules words
Song lyrics as poetry
Music not necessary
Singer’s voice not necessary
Invites reader to speak lines
[Joni Mitchel Clouds]
Bows and flows of angel hair
and ice cream castles in the air
and feather canyons everywhere
I’ve looked at clouds that way
Joni Mitchel Clouds
Quatrain 1 sentence with 4 lines
First 3 lines have 3 sets of nouns
Imply metaphors [Clouds = angel hair, ice cream castles, feathered canyons]
Main clause in 4th line
Bows and flows of angel hair a
and ice cream castles in the air a
and feather canyons everywhere a
I’ve looked at clouds that way b
But Now they only block the sun c
they rain and snow on everyone c
So many things I would have done c
But clouds got in my way b
Quatrains balance each other
Direction change between stanzas
Repetition of air’ is everywhere
[Hair, air, everywhere]
The sun is done. Everyone is finished
[Sun, everyone, done]
b-rhyme
Not rhyme, but repeats way
Changed meaning: way = from that point of view [I looked at them that way]
way = path [clouds got in my way]
Internal rhyme
Bows and flows of angel hair
and ice cream castles in the air
and feather canyons everywhere
I’ve looked at clouds that way
Alliteration
Bows and flows of angel hair
and ice cream castles in the air
and feather canyons everywhere
I’ve looked at clouds that way
Assonance
Bows and flows of angel hair
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