ENGB04_March 13.docx

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31 Mar 2012
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ENGB04 March 13, 2012
THE VICTORIAN PERIOD
- 1830-1901
- Queen in England
1. Change and Growth
“the Victorian era was a period of dramatc change that brought England to its
highest point of development as a world power.”
- London grew from 2 to 6.5 million during the Victorian era
2. Reform and Distress
“the early Victorian period (1830-1848) saw the opening of Britain’s first railway
and its first Reform Parliament, but it was also a time of economic distress
3. Prosperity and Optimism
“although the mid-victorian period (1848-1870) was not free of harassing problems,
it was a time of prosperity, optimism and stability.”
- Enormous investments of people, money and technology created the British
Empire
4. The Costs of Empire
“in the later period (1870-
ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON (1809-1892)
- Poems (1833), his second book, received such poor reviews that he ceased to
publish for nearly 10 years
he succeeded Wordsworth as poet laureate in 1850
Tennyson's In Memoriam "106" (p. 611)
- In Memoriam A.H.H. is considered by many to be Tennyson's most ambitious and
important poem
- He began it following the death by cerebral hemorrhage in 1833 of his close friend
and champion, Arthur Henry Hallam
- The poem's 133 cantos were written over 1 years
- Written in iambic tetrameter quatrains rhyming ABBA
- The poem was a favourite of Queen Victoria's
- writes an elegy because they are still in mourning
- "ring out" as in wanting to get rid of this mourning - letting this mourning die
- two potential figure to ring in
--actual human
-- and the "saviour" metaphoric figure
ROBERET BROWNING (1812-1889)
- at the age of 33 he carried on a nearly two year courtship with the poet Elizabeth
Barrett
ELIZABETH BARRET BROWNING (1806-1861)
- illness kept her an invalid
- Her poetry was popular in England and America, and was praised for its social
consciousness
MATTHEW ARNOLD(1822-1988)
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