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Lecture

lecture notes on poems

6 Pages
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Department
English
Course Code
ENGB04H3
Professor
Kortenaar

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HopkinsGods Grandeur327
This is a hymn to God in the form of a sonnet. The first quatrain says God fills the
world; why do not people pay attention? The next generation says that after so many
generations, the whole world has been remade by humans and nothing natural is
left. We can no longer get in touch with the natural world which is filled with Gods
spirit. The sestet says that nature still has freshness, morning will follow night, and
the Holy Spirit still warms the world.
Foil: tin foil
Reck his rod: fear his punishment (in the form of a stick)
Trod: past tense of tread (meaning walk)
Shod: wearing shoes
Spent: exhausted
Holy Ghost: Holy Spirit
Broods: keeps warm, like a chicken on its eggs
HopkinsThe Windhover327
Another sonnet praising God. The speaker saw a falcon high in the sky and it filled
him with a sense of the glory of God.
Gall: chafe, rub against each other
Vermilion: kind of red
HopkinsPied Beauty328
This is a poem of praise for things that are not just one colour, but multicoloured.
Implicitly this praises the variety in the world.
Stipple: dotted
Cummings i song of Olaf 475
This is a poem of praise for a conscious objector beaten to death in military prison
because he refuses to go to war. It is a satire on the military.
I sing: this is the way epic poems about heroes commonly begin
Westpointer: West Point is the US military academy
Noncoms: noncommissioned officers (officers who were promoted from the ranks of
enlisted men)
Per: by means of
Clarion: trumpet
Cummingsanyone lived in a pretty how town 476
This poem tells the story of a man called anyone. Women and men didnt like him.
But a woman called no one did. Anyone and no one got married. Eventually
anyone died. He and no one were buried side by side.
www.notesolution.com
Brathwaite Wings of a Dove 720
This poem needs to be read aloud. It imitates aspects of Rasta speech. Rastafarians
reject the language of the white oppressor that carries within it the oppression of
Africans. They have invented their own kind of speech. They also believe that the
Bible, which promises that Africans shall be redeemed, has been twisted by white
oppressors to encourage the oppressed to accept their oppression. Rastasfarians try
to restore the true meaning of the Bible.
Blessed are the poor: these are the words of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount:
Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven. Blessed are the
meek for they shall inherit the earth.
Ganja: marijuana, a holy drug among Rastafarians.
I Rastafa-I: Rastafarians do not say me (the position of object) but always say I
(to emphasize that they are agents who act).
Babylon: in the Bible the Jews are carried into exile to Babylon. Rastafarians call
the white world Babylon and see themselves as exiles in Babylon.
Trench town, the Dungle: poor neighbourhoods in Kingston.
Rise and walk: what Jesus told the cripple whom he miraculously cured
Brown man: people of mixed race who, in Jamaica since independence, have
historically held power
Cahn: cannot
Browns: see brown man above
Atwood Marsh Languages 796
This poem laments the many languages that are disappearing as English conquers.
In English I is separate from others and from the world. In English there is only
either/or. There is not both/and.
Sibilants: s-sounds
Gutturals: sounds from deep in the throat
Bokfrom Eunoia1020
This poem uses no vowels except “e. That is the point.
Enfettered: enchained
Exegete: someone who interprets texts
Esthetes: people who care only for art and beauty
Screed: long rant
Peers: lords
Plebes: ordinary people (from plebian)
Repetend: something that repeats
Demesne: property of a nobleman
Spleen: bitterness
Serfs: peasants in bondage to a lord
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Hopkins Gods Grandeur 327 This is a hymn to God in the form of a sonnet. The first quatrain says God fills the world; why do not people pay attention? The next generation says that after so many generations, the whole world has been remade by humans and nothing natural is left. We can no longer get in touch with the natural world which is filled with Gods spirit. The sestet says that nature still has freshness, morning will follow night, and the Holy Spirit still warms the world. Foil: tin foil Reck his rod: fear his punishment (in the form of a stick) Trod: past tense of tread (meaning walk) Shod: wearing shoes Spent: exhausted Holy Ghost: Holy Spirit Broods: keeps warm, like a chicken on its eggs Hopkins The Windhover 327 Another sonnet praising God. The speaker saw a falcon high in the sky and it filled him with a sense of the glory of God. Gall: chafe, rub against each other Vermilion: kind of red Hopkins Pied Beauty 328 This is a poem of praise for things that are not just one colour, but multicoloured. Implicitly this praises the variety in the world. Stipple: dotted Cummings i song of Olaf 475 This is a poem of praise for a conscious objector beaten to death in military prison because he refuses to go to war. It is a satire on the military. I sing: this is the way epic poems about heroes commonly begin Westpointer: West Point is the US military academy Noncoms: noncommissioned officers (officers who were promoted from the ranks of enlisted men) Per: by means of Clarion: trumpet Cummings anyone lived in a pretty how town 476 This poem tells the story of a man called anyone. Women and men didnt like him. But a woman called no one did. Anyone and no one got married. Eventually anyone died. He and no one were buried side by side. www.notesolution.com
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